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What do you mean by Short circuit
(A) Direct flow of current between two points of difference potentials
(B) Indirect flow of current between two points
(C) Direct flow of current between two points of same potentials
(D) None of these

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Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint We know the importance of the circuit here. It is a closed path that allows electricity to flow from one point to another. We can use the flow of the fault current principle to examine the short circuit. The possibility of two points is also included.
Useful formula:
Fault current calculations,
The formula is $I = \dfrac{V}{R}$.
Where,
Current $I$
Voltage $V$
Resistance $R$

Complete step by step process
Given by,
Meaning of short circuit,
If in a power line, power transformer, or some other power element, two or more conductors of different phases come in contact with each other, then the part of the impedance is shunted out of the circuit and in the faulted phases, a large current flow is called the short circuit current.
Although the current in the circuit increases, short circuit current decreases the influence of impedance in the circuit.
Hence,
Short circuiting means completing the circuit with zero resistance between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery. It is the actual direct flow between points with the same potential.

Thus, option C is the correct answer.

Note
The resistance becomes very small when there is a short circuit and that implies that the current becomes very high. The resistance becomes very small when there is a short circuit and that implies that the current becomes very high. A procedure is short-circuited, long or complicated parts of it are skipped and a simpler, more straightforward method is used to accomplish its target.