Amino Acid Chemical Formula
Amino acids are organic compounds that comprise functional groups: of amino, i.e., – NH2, and carboxyl, i.e., – COOH, along with a side chain (R or alkyl group) specific to each amino acid group. So, the key elements in an amino acid formula are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N). Besides this, the side chains of amino acids are attached with other elements.
Amino acids have a specific amino formula, which we will discuss on this page, along with the structural formula of basic amino acids.
Amino Acid Molecular Formula
Amino Acid formula is also known as the Saltpeter formula or Nitrate of potash formula.
The amino acid molecular formula is H2NCHRCOOH in most cases, where R is an organic substituent known as a "side chain."
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Amino Acid Structure
Below is the structural formula of basic amino acid along with the labelling of each group:
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In the above structural formula of basic amino acid, an amino acid group formula consists of a central carbon atom, also known as the alpha (α) carbon. This central carbon atom is attached to an amino group (NH2), a carboxyl group (COOH), and a hydrogen atom.
Also, all the amino acids differ from each other in the particular chemical structure of the R (alkyl) group.
Amino Group Formula
Amino group formula is divided into the following three categories:
Essential amino acids group formulas
Conditional amino acid group formulas
Non-essential amino acid group formulas
Now, let’s have a look at the amino acid group formulas one-by-one:
Essential Amino Acid Group Formulas
Conditional Amino Acid Group Formulas
Non-Essential Amino Acid Group Formulas
Amino Acid Baby Formula
Amino acid baby formula, for instance, Neocate, is milk-free. It is made up of non-allergenic amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, which means that there is little chance of a child being exposed to an allergic reaction to them, however, a typical allergic reaction is a reaction to protein.
Amino Acid Formula Milk
Amino acid formula milk is a sort of infant milk formula produced using individual amino acids.
It is hypoallergenic and planned for newborn children experiencing a serious allergy to milk and different gastrointestinal conditions, for instance, protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome and malabsorption syndromes.
The amino acid is an organic compound that comprises functional groups of amine and carboxyl along with a side chain that is specific to each amino acid. The key elements are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen.
FAQs on Amino Acid Formula
Q1: When Were Amino Acids Discovered?
Ans: Amino acids were discovered in 1806. Two French chemists named Pierre Jean Robiquet and Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin cocooned a compound in asparagus which was consecutively named asparagine, the first-ever discovered amino acid.
Later on, glycine from gelatin, cysteine was discovered from urinary stones and leucine from muscle and wool.
Q2: State Applications of Amino Acids in Biodegradable Plastics.
Ans: Amino acids have been considered as parts of biodegradable polymers, which have applications as harmless to the ecosystem bundling and in medication in drug conveyance and the development of prosthetic inserts.
An intriguing illustration of such materials is polyaspartate, a water-dissolvable biodegradable polymer that may have applications in disposable diapers and agribusiness.
Q3: Are Amino Acids Alive?
Ans: Amino acids and protein are not alive, yet they copy and are a prerequisite for replication.
In any case, DNA and protein go about as the data stockpiling and the living action of natural cells, utilize the RNA to adjust and duplicate.