Aluminium Carbonate Formula

The Formula of Aluminium Carbonate

The aluminium carbonate chemical formula can be defined as a salt of aluminium. The alternative method of defining the salt is describing the aluminium carbonate as a salt form of carbonic acid and an antacid with phosphate-binding activity. Not much is known about the salt of aluminium, aluminium carbonate. The chemical formula of aluminium carbonate is represented as Al\[_{2}\](CO\[_{3}\])\[_{3}\]. 


The natural occurrence of pure aluminium carbonate in nature is very rare, they are generally found as sodium aluminium carbonate mineral dawsonite and hydrated basic aluminium carbonate minerals scarbroite and hydroscarbroite. Aluminium carbonate is considered to be prepared in a high-pressure furnace where the temperature is generally maintained near 0 degrees celsius.


Chemical Formula of Aluminium Carbonate

The aluminium carbonate chemical formula can be represented in the following way, Al\[_{2}\](CO\[_{3}\])\[_{3}\]. The formula of aluminum carbonate represents that the compound is salt of carbonic acid. The IUPAC name of the chemical compound is dialuminum another alternative name for the chemical compound is tricarbonate. It is also important to note that salt is also spelt sometimes as aluminum carbonate. The formula of aluminum carbonate is also the same as Al\[_{2}\](CO\[_{3}\])\[_{3}\]. The structural formula of aluminium, carbonate is represented as the following

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As represented in the structural formula for aluminium carbonate, there are 2 aluminium ions present in bonding between the three carboxylic groups representing the aluminum and carbonate formula. There is 9 hydrogen bond acceptor in the structural aluminium carbonate formula. 


Preparation of Aluminium Carbonate

Aluminium carbonate is not naturally present in nature as they are highly unstable. There are two reported methods of production of aluminium carbonate. The first one encompasses the production of the compound in a high-pressure environment in the presence of carbon dioxide, in this furnace the temp is maintained near 0°C. 

Aluminium carbonate is also extracted from the surface of the aluminium oxide in the presence of carbon dioxide.


Chemical Properties of the Compound

The chemical properties of a compound give the idea about the chemical formula of aluminium carbonate, molecular weight, reaction type, types of bond involved, and other parameters of a compound. Some of the chemical properties of the compound are listed below as follows

  1. The IUPAC name of the aluminium carbonate is Dialuminum Tricarbonate

  2. The chemical formula for aluminium carbonate can be represented as the following Al\[_{2}\](CO\[_{3}\])\[_{3}\]. 

  3. The molecular weight of aluminium carbonate is 233.99

  4. The hydrogen bond acceptor number of the compound is 9

  5. The hydrogen bond donor count is 0

  6. There are no rotatable bond

  7. The complexity of the chemical compound is 18.8

  8. The covalently bond unit count is 5.

  9. Salt is basic in nature.


Physical Properties of Aluminium Carbonate

Physical properties of the compound include properties like density, melting point, boiling point, and physical appearance of the compound. Some of the physical properties of the compound are also dependent on the aluminium carbonate formula. This list of physical properties is mentioned below.

  1. The density of aluminium carbonate is 1.5 g/cm³

  2. The molar mass of the compound is 96.09 g/mol

  3. They are soluble in water

  4. Aluminium carbonate has a melting point of 58 °C

  5. It decomposes at the boiling point

  6. The physical appearance of aluminium carbonate can be defined as powdery, it is of white colour. They are whitish powder.


Uses of Aluminium Carbonate

Aluminium carbonate uses are not widely known some of the popular uses of the compound is mentioned below

  1. They are used for phosphate binding since they can bind to phosphate they are used in biological drug preparation

  2. They are used as antacids.

  3. They are used as a drug in case of stomach ulcerations and inflammation.

  4. These formulations are also administered in the case of urinary stones.


Conclusion 

Aluminium carbonate can be defined as the salt of aluminium, it is not naturally found due to its unstable nature. The aluminium carbonate formula is represented as Al\[_{2}\](CO\[_{3}\])\[_{3}\]. The preparation of the aluminum carbonate can be achieved by passing carbon dioxide in high pressure at a temperature near zero degrees in a furnace, it can also be extracted from the surface of aluminum oxide under the presence of carbon dioxide. The IUPAC name of the compound is Dialuminum Tricarbonate. The use of Dialuminum Tricarbonate is reported in drug formulations that are used to treat stomach inflammation, stones, and ulcers.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the Aluminum Hydrogen Carbonate Formula?

Ans: The aluminum hydrogen carbonate formula is represented as C3H3AlO9. It can be defined as a more commonly found salt of aluminium as compared to aluminium carbonate the formula aluminium carbonate is Al2(CO3)3.

Q2. How Many Hydrogen Bond Acceptors and Donors are Present in the Compound?

Ans: The hydrogen bond donor count is 0 whereas the number of hydrogen bond acceptors is 9.

Q3. What is the IUPAC Name of Aluminium Carbonate

Ans: The IUPAC name of the compound is Dialuminum Tricarbonate.