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Names of Fruits in English

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Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
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What do Fruits Contain?

What Do Fruits Contain?

Fruits are plant parts that are grown by flowers as a result of the plant's reproduction system. In general, the fruit is a seed-bearing component of flowering plants, and the seeds are used to plant new plants in the soil using dry seedlings.

Learning fruit vocabulary is an important part of instilling good eating habits in children.

Let us look at a few of the fruits and their names from this article.

Overview of Fruits

Some are sweet, while others are sour, but they're all great snacks for good health. Fruits are one of nature's wonders; there are many varieties of fruits and they come in several forms and sizes, so there's something for everyone! Bananas may become a favourite of your children if they prefer sweet snacks. Apples are a fantastic option if they want something more crunchy! Fruits are also a lot of fun to eat because they come in a variety of colours, flavours, and textures.

Fruits are not only tasty, but they are also very healthy! They're great for kids because they're high in dietary fibre, which helps the body absorb minerals from meals, and vitamins, which improve children's immune systems and supply some of the elements they need for healthy growth. It's a good idea to start including different types of fruits in your child's diet at a young age. They're delicious as treats and are also a good approach to boost your energy levels.

Name of the fruits in English

Name of the Fruits in English

Learning about fruits is beneficial not only to children's health but also to their vocabulary and cultural understanding, especially since some fruits are unique to certain regions of the world, such as the Blue Java Banana from Hawaii, which tastes like vanilla ice cream, or the jackfruit from South Asia, which is said to taste like a cross between pineapple and bubblegum.

Fruit Names

Let us see the name of the fruits in alphabetical order here.

List of fruits names from A to Z

  • Apple

  • Apricot

  • Avocado

  • Banana

  • Blackberry

  • Blueberry

  • Cherry

  • Coconut

  • Custard-Apple

  • Dragonfruit

  • Fig

  • Gooseberry

  • Grapes

  • Guava

  • Jackfruit

  • Java Plum

  • Kiwifruit

  • Lime

  • Mango

  • MuskMelon

  • Olives

  • Orange

  • Papaya

  • Peach

  • Pear

  • Pineapple

  • Pomegranate

  • Strawberry

  • Tamarind

  • Watermelon

A brief information about some of the well-known fruits is given below.

Know about Some of the Most Popular Fruits

Let us look at the description of some of the fruits here.


An apple is a fruit that comes from the Malus genus and is grown all over the world. This fruit is high in essential minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients that are good for our bodies. It has a delicious taste and is available in red, pink, and green in hue.


The mango is an edible fruit that is high in vitamins A, C, and D and has a sweet or sour flavour depending on when it is ripe. This fruit, scientifically known as Mangifera indica, is usually cultivated in tropical locations and is known as the "King of All Fruits."


A banana is a fruit that is fleshy and edible but does not contain any seeds. Musa acuminate is the scientific name for this family, which varies in size, colour, and shape, with elongated, curve-shaped leaves. When fully mature, it is meaty and sweet, contains a lot of starch, and is green, yellow, red, purple, or brown in colour. When raw, this is called plantains and is eaten as a vegetable.


Oranges are citrus fruits belonging to the Rutaceae family. It's also known as sweet orange, and it has a sweet, sour, and bitter flavour. This fruit is found in green and orange colours and reproduces asexually.


Grapes are berry-like fruit that is used to make wine and is cultivated on the Vitis family's flowering plant. It has a green colour and is a non-climacteric fruit. Raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil are all made from their seeds.


The pineapple is a tropical plant in the Bromeliaceae family that produces tasty fruit. This fruit is the world's third most well-known fruit. Ananas is another name for this commercial fruit.


Punica granatum is the scientific name for pomegranate, a seed-bearing fruit that grows on a flowering plant in the Lythraceae family. It is a deciduous shrub that bears fruit and belongs to the Lythraceae family and subfamily panic ideas. Punica granatum is the scientific name for this fruit. This is a medicinal fruit that helps in the treatment of common cancers.


Avocados are a type of fruit that grows on Lauraceae flowering plants. This fruit has a single huge seed inside and is green, red, or orange in colour. It has a higher potassium content than bananas.


The coconut is a juicy fruit with coconut water within, and its outer shell is tough, while the inner shell is spongy and soft white. It's a member of the cocos genus. Coconut is a fruit that is utilised for spiritual purposes in India and some other nations and is considered a fresh fruit.


Papaya belongs to the Caricaceae family. Its scientific name is Carica papaya, and it comes in a variety of colours such as green, orange, yellow, and white. It is also used to make vegetables when still unripe.


Watermelon is a watery fruit that grows on a vine-like shrub flowering plant in the Cucurbitaceae family and is made up of water. The exterior shell is thick and green, while the inner fleshy part is red.


The dragon fruit has a lower sugar, calorie, and fibre content than other fruits. This fruit has numerous health benefits, as well as a top choice and a pleasant taste.


The strawberry is a berry fruit that is grown all over the world and is a hybrid species of the genus Fragaria. The bright red colour, juicy texture, sweetness, and smell of this fruit make it a highly appealing fruit. It's used to make ice creams, chocolates, and candies, among other things.


Blueberries are blue or purple berries that are produced by blooming bushes. It belongs to the Cyanococcus branch of the Vaccinium genus. It can be harvested in the vicinity of semi-wild or wild bushes. Blueberries are mostly grown on the continents of North America.


Blackberries are edible fruits produced by a variety of plants of the Rubus genus, which belong to the Rosaceae family. Rubus has a fruticosus aggregate in all of its subgenus species. These little berries have a black appearance and a sweet flavour.


Gooseberry is the popular name for the Ribes species of fruit. These are edible fruits that come in a variety of colours including green, red, purple, yellow, white, and black.


Cherry is a fleshy drupe that belongs to the genus Prunus. Prunus avium is the scientific name for the sweet cherry, and Prunus cerasus is the scientific term for the sour cherry. It comes in red, green, and orange hues and is produced by flowering plants. It's also known as cherry blossom cherry or ornamental cherry.


Apricot Prunus armeniaca is the scientific name for an apricot, which is a stone fruit from the Rosaceae family. Peaches, plums, cherries, and almonds are all near relatives of this fruit. It can be eaten raw or cooked.


A jack tree produces the jackfruit. It is a tree that belongs to the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit families. It comes in green, brown, and yellow colours and has a spike-like outer shell. It is mostly found in the southern Indian subcontinent and Malaysian rainforests.


The kiwifruit is also known as the Chinese gooseberry, and its short name is kiwi. It belongs to the Actinidia genus. It has an oval form with light green and golden flesh, as well as a distinct flavour and tiny black edible seeds.


Lime is a citrus fruit that contains citric acid and is also known as a lemon. This is the same as the orange, grapefruit, and other citrus fruits. It's round and green, with acidic juice vesicles inside.


Prunus persica or Peach is a fruit that is rich in vitamins and minerals and contains a considerable amount of sugar.  The Peach fruit belongs to the Rosaceae family and is said to have originated in northwest China. The Pru Fish devour this fruit. Vitamin A is plentiful in peaches with yellow flesh.

Pear fruit

The Peartree grows pears from the genus Pyrus, which belongs to the Rosaceae family. Some pear fruit species produce edible fruit and juices, while others are referred to as trees.


Tamarind is a leguminous tree that bears edible fruit and belongs to the Tamarindus genus, which is monotypic and contains only one species. The tamarind fruit, known as pods, is an indehiscent legume with a hard, brown outer shell that is soft, luscious, and pulpy, as well as sour. It has a sweet and sour flavour profile and contains tartaric acid.


The Custard Apple, formally known as Annona reticulata, is a common name for this fruit. This fruit comes in a variety of shapes, including heart-shaped, spherical, obligated, and irregular. When fully ripe, the fruit appears brown or yellowish with red hues. This fruit has a fleshy portion and a sweet, pleasant flavour.


Ficus carica, popularly known as fig, is an Asian flowering plant in the mulberry family. It's also known as Common Fig. This plant is both a decorative and a fruiting plant. Figs are a tasty fruit with numerous seeds and soft skin that can be eaten both ripe and dry. The natural sugar in purple, green, red and yellow figs is also known as nature's sweets.


Guava is a fleshy fruit with seeds within that are high in vitamin C and antioxidants, as well as potassium and fibre. It's a good fruit to eat on a daily basis because it helps with blood sugar levels and other things. Psidium guajava is the scientific name for this plant.


Muskmelon is a melon species that comprises honeydew, casaba, and other smooth-skinned variants. This species belongs to the watermelon and cabbage family.


Olea europaea, or European olive, is a fruit with the botanical name Olea europaea. This is a tiny plant species belonging to the Oleaceae family.

Java Plum

Syzygium cumini is the scientific name for the Java plum, popularly known as Malabar plum or black plum. It is an evergreen tropical plant belonging to the Myrtaceae family of flowering plants. This fruit has a pleasant flavour that is sweet and sour at times.


Now that you have read about some of the common varieties of fruits, the next time you visit a fruit market or someone brings fruits at home, try to remember the names and identify which one is what. This will help you revise and recall the names of fruits. It will also help to bring confidence in you and increase your fruit vocabulary.

FAQs on Names of Fruits in English

1. How to train your children in identifying the fruit names?

As a parent or teacher, you can ask the children to identify the fruit names by giving some hints. For example, if you want them to identify the strawberry fruit, you may give the hint as “I am small and a red berry, and many people like me. Who am I?,” for lemon, you may say “I am medium size and yellow in colour and taste sour. What am I?”

These are a few examples to improve your children’s thinking power.

2. What are the types of fruits?

Fruit is divided into two categories: fleshy fruits and dry fruits. The part of the fruit around the seeds in fleshy fruits is moist and tender. Many seeds can be found in apples, berries, oranges, and other fleshy fruits. Only one seed, or pit, is present in some fleshy fruits, such as cherries and peaches. They are called stone fruits. Fruits that are dry are not as juicy as those that are fleshy. Beans and nuts are examples of dry fruits.