Figure of Speech

A figure of speech is a deviation from the ordinary use of words in order to increase their effectiveness. Basically, it is a figurative language that may consist of a single word or phrase. It may be a simile, a metaphor or personification to convey the meaning other than the literal meaning.

Importance of Figure of Speech-

  1. It enhances the beauty of the writing. It makes the sentence deeper and leaves the reader with a sense of wonder. It brings life to the words used by the writer.

  2. The figure of Speech not only shows the writers intent but also his purpose of using such language. 

  3. It adds flavour to the writing and makes it so much more enjoyable for the reader, when he/she i

Types of Figure Of Speech

1. Simile-

In a simile, two things which are completely unlocked are compared with each other. A simile is introduced by words such as like, so, as etc.


  • The flower is as pretty as a picture.

  • He is as sober as a judge.

2. Metaphor- 

It is an informal or implied simile in which the words “like’ ‘as’ are avoided. For example, “He is like a Giant. (Simile) “and “He is a Giant. (metaphor)”. 


  •  You are an apple of my eye.

  • Ocean’s sound is music to my ear.

3. Personification-

In Personification, non-living things,  abstract ideas or qualities are mentioned as humans or living things.


  • Angry clouds surrounded the island.

  • Earth was thirsty for water.

4. Apostrophe-

 In this figure of speech, the writer mentions the absent or inanimate objects as alive and writes about them.

5. Oxymoron-

An Oxymoron is when two words are used together in a sentence but they seem to be in contrast with each other. An oxymoron is a figure of speech that willingly uses two differing ideas. This contradiction creates a paradoxical image in the reader or listener's mind that creates a new concept or meaning for the whole.


  •  Life is bittersweet.

  • They knew they could feel the joyful sadness on his arrival.

6. Hyperbole-

Hyperbole is when you use the words to exaggerate what you mean or emphasize a point. It is used to make something seemed bigger or more important than it actually is.


  •      It has been ages that I have had a proper meal.

  •   Usain Bolt runs faster than the wind.

7. Pun-

A pun is generally used in plays where one word has two different meanings. It is used to create humour. Humorous use of words of different meanings or the words of the same sound but different meanings is known as PUN.


  •  A bicycle can’t stand on its own because it is two-tired.

  • Where do you find giant snails? On the ends of the giants' fingers.

8. Hyperbole-

Hyperbole is used when we want to reinforce the point by exaggerating it. It is frequently used in poetry and found in casual speech as well. Media uses Hyperbole to exaggerate the facts, in order to make the story impactful. 


  • The army troops are faster than the wind and stronger than a mountain.

  • The robber ran faster than lightning.

9. Alliteration- 

It is the series of words which commence with the same letter. Alliteration consists of the repetition of a sound or of a letter at the beginning of two or more words.

For Example-

  • Dirty dolphins dove across the ocean.

  • Purple pandas painted portraits. 

10. Onomatopoeia-

It is the figure of speech where the word is used to describe a sound. When we explain any action by putting the sounds into language, it is known as onomatopoeia. It is generally used in fiction or in nursery rhymes, for eg- Old Macdonald had a farm eea eea ooo. 


  • I could hear the leaves rustling and wind howling. 

  • Bam! He hit the truck at the speed of 80 kmph.