The development of different natural and artificial fibres in the world of textiles has led to the foundation of cost-effective clothing solutions. The fibres are also used for different purposes. One such fibre extracted and synthesized from natural sources is rayon. In this section, we will study the properties and uses of rayon. This fibre has been used in different industries due to its excellent benefits. After studying this section, you will be able to write two uses of rayon elaborately. Continue reading to find organized information related to this fibre.
What is Rayon?
Rayon, as mentioned earlier, is a synthetically produced fibre from natural sources. It is a derivative of cellulose that can be commonly obtained from trees and other agricultural sources. You will be astonished to know that the properties of rayon match that of cellulose from which it is made. It means that the constituent molecules are just rearranged to form such fibres.
Rayon is not totally synthetic as its constituent still resembles cellulose obtained from different natural sources. This fibre can be used to make a fabric that reduces the cost of production of different items. Different grades of rayon are found in the market that resembles linen, silk, and cotton. If you study the variants of rayon, you will find three different types of rayon material that are modal, lyocell, and viscose.
How Rayon is Synthesized?
In this section, we will discuss how is rayon made. You have already learned that the prime source of raw material is cellulose obtained from wood and other agricultural products.
The most commonly used fabric in this segment is viscose rayon. It has excellent uses in the fabric and textile industry. The natural fibres can be altered to give particular textures, weight, and colour. The fabric produced is better absorbent and cost-effective than cotton. The clothing items produced using viscose rayon can be used as summer apparel. These apparels keep your body cool and comfortable by absorbing sweat.
Modulus rayon has excellent properties in terms of cotton. The fibre is quite strong and delivers high durability to the apparel. In fact, the items produced can be easily cared for and can be worn for quite a long time. Modulus rayon fabric uses covers the textile and apparel manufacturing requirements. The items can be machine washed and are more durable than cotton clothes.
In a simpler version, all kinds of rayon are produced by dissolving cellulose from different wood sources. The solution is then converted back to insoluble cellulose. The fibrous nature of this raw material is then obtained. The dissolution process is mainly down to extract cellulose from the sources and then regenerated it into the form we need. Depending on the process and source of rayon, the fibre is named.
Properties of Rayon
Rayon has versatile properties when it comes to textile fabric and other uses. As per the common consideration, it can deliver the same-level comfort of cotton and other natural fibres. The texture and slipperiness of this fibre resemble that of nylon but it can be altered to give the feel of cotton, linen, wool, and silk. Its unique properties can be altered to imitate the natural fibres mentioned.
Rayon fabric is soft, cool, smooth, and highly comfortable for the users. As mentioned earlier, it has excellent absorbent properties. This property can be used in summer apparel. It keeps your body cool by absorbing sweat and makes you feel comfortable. The same property can be found in cotton. It does not retain the internal body heat and proves to be an ideal replacement for the comfortable fabric to produce summer clothing items.
Over the years, the uses of rayon have increased as innovations entered this industry. This fibre is more durable and easy to maintain. In fact, it is cheaper than cotton and can be used to manufacture low-cost apparel for humid climates.
Rayon Fabric Vs Cotton
This has been a topic of debate over the years. Rayon has excellent properties that sometimes outsmart that of cotton. If you read the previous sections properly, you will find that rayon is more absorbent than cotton. It means that this fibre is ideal for making clothes for humid climates. Cotton, on the other hand, is used to make clothing items for warm climates.
Cotton is stronger in wet conditions whereas rayon becomes weak. There are different versions of rayon material that surpass the strength of cotton. The uses of fabric made of rayon cover the textile and fashion industry whereas cotton covers mostly the medical industry requirements.
Uses of Rayon
1. Industrial Purposes
Due to its durability, it is used for manufacturing clothing items. As it is less durable in terms of heavy use in other industries, its uses are restricted to the textile domain only.
2. Garments Manufacturing
As mentioned earlier, the advantages of rayon fabric are particularly used to make garments. Different versions of rayon are available to make such items.
Study this section properly to understand and write two uses of rayon when asked in the question. You can easily elaborate on the uses by studying the properties of rayon. Grab the concept well to understand the topic of rayon fabric vs cotton and distinguish their uses.