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Uses of Propranolol

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Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Point-wise Therapeutic Uses of Propranolol

There are different kinds of organic compounds used for medicinal purposes. One such compound is propranolol. It is a compound developed and synthesized in laboratories for medicinal purposes. It is used as a treatment for high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases. In this article, you will study more about the specific uses of propranolol in the medical world. All the uses will be studied elaborately in different medical phases.

What is Propranolol?

Propranolol is an organic compound that has been tabulated as a medicine for various cardiovascular and psychiatric diseases. It has been designed and developed as a beta-blocker compound that helps in treating and managing complex ailments. The term ‘beta blocker’ is coined for those compounds that act as beta-adrenergic blockers. These are actually medicines used to trim down elevated blood pressure levels. If we simplify the definition of propranolol, we will find out that it blocks the effects of adrenaline or epinephrine in our physiological system.

If we simplify the action of propranolol, we will discover that this compound actually slows down the heart rate. It also reduces blood pressure by widening the arteries and veins to improve and increase blood flow.

The therapeutic uses of propranolol are profound. This drug is generally used for the treatment and management of cardiovascular ailments and is prescribed only when the physicians diagnose certain ailments in the patients mentioned below.

  • Arrhythmia or irregular heart rhythm

  • Heart failure

  • Angina or chest pain

  • Tremors

  • Migraine, etc.

It has been found that propranolol is also a good medication to prescribe to treat migraine headaches and can also keep a patient’s heartbeat rate normal when elevated. It can either be given orally or via intravenous injection. The medication has two versions. The first version is that it acts for a short period of time and the other one remains in the system for a longer time span.

When consumed orally, it appears in the bloodstream within 30 minutes. It remains in the system for 60-90 minutes and is then metabolized and eliminated.

Therapeutic Uses of Propranolol

The therapeutic effects of this compound can be classified into the following points.

1. Cardiovascular Uses

As mentioned earlier, this compound has profound use in this segment of treatment. Let us point down the application of propranolol in this system.

  1. It reduces blood pressure and is prescribed when hypertension is diagnosed.

  2. It is prescribed when the patient is suffering from an arrhythmic heartbeat or arrhythmia.

  3. Doctors prefer prescribing propranolol when they detect variant chest pain or angina pectoris.

  4. It is given when a patient suffers a heart attack or myocardial infarction.

  5. Tachycardia or rapid heart rate increase can be treated using this medication.

  6. It can also be used significantly to reduce hypertension in the portal veins.

  7. It is used to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

2. Psychiatric

  • This beta-blocker compound has excellent psychiatric use. It is prescribed to the patients for the following reasons.

  • It is prescribed to treat borderline anxiety.

  • It specifically works better when patients are detected with performance anxiety.

  • It can also be given to the patients when the panic disorder is detected.

An investigation and research are going on based on the application of propranolol in the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) area. The patients have reportedly experienced less stress-linked symptoms when this compound is induced. It has also been reported that the patients have also been able to reduce the impact of emotional memories that trigger stress. In fact, this compound has been successful in reducing the aggressive behaviour of patients suffering from PTSD. Mental calmness helps suffering patients to heal better and lead a normal life.

3.  Other Uses

The medicinal compound has been also found effective in treating other psychological issues such as essential tremor, migraine, cluster headache, hyperhydrosis, glaucoma, and thyrotoxicosis. It is also being experimented with and showing promising results in the case of infantile hemangioma.

Side Effects of Propranolol

Apart from the uses of propranolol, the medicinal compound also has some side effects. It should not be consumed without seeking medical supervision. The dose has to be calculated considering the age, sex, and other factors of a patient. It entirely depends on the condition of the patient’s ailment and the doctor will decide the dosage.

An overdose of this compound can cause cardiac arrests and seizures. The consumer can also go to a cardiogenic shock. People suffering from diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, peripheral artery disease, etc should take this medication with absolute precaution. Any change in the dosage should be brought under medical supervision to avoid any complications.

In a Nutshell

This is how you can easily study the therapeutic uses of propranolol. Follow the aforementioned points jotted down elaborately to understand how this medicine works in our physiological system and how it is specifically used for the treatment of different diseases. Its uses in the cardiovascular and psychiatric divisions are phenomenal. Study these points in this format to remember how this compound is profoundly used in the medical world.

FAQs on Uses of Propranolol

1. What is the Prime Function of a Beta-blocker?

Ans: If you study this article, you will find that beta-blockers are those compounds that block the effects of adrenaline or epinephrine in our system. Adrenaline is a hormone that escalates our heart rate and increases blood pressure in a natural way. When the symptoms show the presence of an ailment, a beta-blocker is used to alleviate the symptoms and treat such diseases.

2. Why is Propranolol Used as a Migraine Medicine?

Ans: Propranolol reduces blood pressure and dilates the veins and arteries to increase blood flow. Hence, it helps in making the blood rate better in the migraine-affected brain and helps to cure the headaches.

3. How Can You Study the Uses of Propranolol?

Ans: Consider studying the point-wise uses of this compound as described in this section to easily remember. You can answer questions related to the uses easily.