Potassium oxide is made up of potassium and oxygen, joined together by ionic bonds. Potassium has an oxidation state of +1. So it can easily lose one electron. Potassium belongs to the group of alkali metals. It has a high tendency of combining with any other counter ion to complete its valency. So, it is highly reactive in free form. It readily reacts with oxygen to form Potassium Hydroxide. It has a pale yellow appearance and is widely used as a fertilizer. It is a strongly corrosive alkali when dissolved in water. Here, we will study about Potassium oxide formula, structure, physical and chemical properties, and uses. Potassium oxide is a strongly corrosive alkali when dissolved in water.
The potassium Oxide formula contains two atoms of potassium and one atom of Oxygen. These atoms are joined by bonds. Potassium is in a +1 oxidation state. Oxygen has an oxidation state of -2. To balance the valency, Two atoms Of potassium combine with One atom of oxygen. So, the formula of potassium oxide is K2O
[Image will be Uploaded Soon]
It is solid and pale yellow in color.
The molecular weight is 94.2 g/mol.
The density of K2O is 2.35 gm/cm3.
The melting Point of potassium oxide is 740℃.
It is soluble in ether and ethanol.
4K + O2 → 2K2O
K2O + H2O → KOH
K2O + HCl → KCl + H2O
2K + 2H2O → 2KOH + H2
Applications and Uses
It is used as a fertilizer in the agriculture industry.
It is not soluble in water and highly stable. This makes it useful in the ceramic industry. It is used in making lightweight bowls and structural compounds in aerospace.
It is used for preparing soaps and glass. It is commonly known as pure potash.
It is used to cure fungal infections such as zygomycetes
It is also used in the treatment of animal-related diseases.
In this article, we learned about potassium oxide, the formula of potassium oxide, its chemical and physical properties, and its applications of it. It is an ion compound. It forms salt and water on being treated with an acid. It is also used as a fertilizer in the agricultural industry. It may be toxic when inhaled and ingested. It is useful in ceramic, glass, and optic industries.
Did You Know?
It must be noted that potassium oxide has the chemical formula K2O. While potassium Superoxide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula KO2. It is a yellow-colored paramagnetic solid which decomposes in moist air. The oxidation state of oxygen in potassium superoxide is calculated as -1. These two compounds are totally different from each other in terms of chemical and physical properties.