2. What is the IUPAC Name of Aniline?
Ans: Aniline is an organic compound and has the formula denoted by C6H5NH2. It consists of a phenyl group which is attached to an amino group, which makes aniline the prototypical aromatic amine. It is amongst the most volatile amines and has the odour similar to that of a rotten fish. It ignites readily and tends to burn with a smoky flame, which is a characteristic of an aromatic compound.
The IUPAC name of aniline is Benzenamine. However, it is also called benzamine or phenylamine.
Chemically, aniline is known to be an electron-rich derivative of benzene, and as a consequence, it tends to react rapidly in the electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions. Similarly, it is also prone to oxidation reactions. Aniline can also be diazotized for giving a diazonium salt, which then tends to undergo many nucleophilic substitution reactions.