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Tenths and Hundredths Class 5 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 10 (Free PDF Download)

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Last updated date: 12th Apr 2024
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Revision Notes of CBSE Class 5 Maths Chapter 10 Tenths and Hundredths - FREE PDF Download

Understanding the decimal values and positions of numbers after the decimal points will be easier with the help of tenths and hundredths summary and revision notes created by the subject experts at Vedantu. Students can develop a conceptual understanding of the Class 5 Maths topics covered in this chapter according to the latest CBSE guidelines.


Students of Class 5 now have an easy and efficient way to learn more about decimals, converting fractions to decimals, representing decimals on the number line, and performing multiplication and divisions using decimals. They can take the help of our revision notes, solved questions, NCERT examples, and other problems for self-study. Learning from Tenths and Hundredths Class 5 worksheets will enable them to develop a sound understanding of the topics covered in this chapter. 


Download CBSE Class 4 EVS Revision Notes 2023-24 PDF

Revision Notes Class 5 Mathematics Chapter 10 - Tenths and Hundredths

Measurement of Length 

  • The longest extent of anything measured from one end to another is called length. 

  • Small length is measured in centimetres(cm),  millimetres(mm) and Decimeter (dcm) .

  • Large distances are measured in metres (m) and Kilometres (km) Decameter (dm) and Hectometer(hm). 

  • The standard unit of length is the metre and in short, it is written as ‘m’.

  • To get Centimetre we have to divide 1 m length into 100 equal divisions and thus each division is known as a centimetre and it is written as ‘cm’. Therefore 100 cm = 1 m.

  • Large distances are usually measured in kilometres. When we divide 1 km length into 1000 equal divisions and each division is termed a metre. Therefore 1000 m = 1 km. For example, we could say that Riya walks 1km every day to reach school or we could say that Riya walks 1000 m every day to reach school. 


Unit of the Length Conversion Table  


Unit of length conversion


Image: Unit of length conversion 


  • Observe the above-mentioned conversion table. It is clear that when we move from one metric unit to another to the right, the value of the metric unit becomes ten times smaller, which is one-tenth. 

  • When we move from one metric unit to another to the left in the metric chart, the value of the metric unit becomes ten times bigger.

  • From the length conversion chart, different units of lengths and their equivalents are given below : 

  • 1 m = 10 dm = 1000 mm = 100 cm 

  • 1 dm = 10 cm 

  • 1 dm = 0.1 m 1 cm = 0.01 m

  • 1 mm = 0.001 m 

  • 1 km = 10 hm = 1000 m 

  • 1 hm = 10 dam = 100 m 

  • 1 dam = 10 m


Solved Question 1: What does 0.9 cm me and convert the value into millimetres. 

Ans: We know that 1 m = 100 cm 

1 cm has 10 equal parts and each part is equal to one-tenth of a centimetre. 

1 millimetre is nothing but one-tenth of a centimetre. 

1 mm = 1/10 cm = 0.1 cm 

Hence 0.9 cm is the same as 9 millimetres.


Solved Question 2: The school at Malappuram has its sports day. Teena jumped 3.50 m, Meena jumped 4.05 m, Rehana jumped 4.50 m, Anu jumped 3.05 m and Amina jumped 3.35 m. How far had everyone jumped in terms of metres and cm 

Ans: We know that 1 m = 100 cm 

So we can write the numbers again as 

Teena jumped 3 metres and 50 centimetres

Meena jumped 4 metres and 5 centimetres

Rehana jumped 4 metres and 50 centimetres

Anu jumped 3 metres and 5 centimetres

Amina jumped 3 metres and 35 centimetres. 


Solved Question 3. Rewrite the following values in metres. 

3 metre 45 centimetre , 99 centimetre and 1 metre and 5 centimetre

Ans : We know that 1 m = 100 cm

1 cm = 0.01 m and 1 mm = 0.001 m 

Now the following values can be rewritten in metres as 

3 metre 45 centimetre = 3.45 m

99 centimetre = 0.99 m

1 metre and 5 centimetre = 1.05 m


Solved  Question 4. Dinesh’s mother while measuring his height said that he has to grow 45 cm more to reach 2 m height. What is Dinesh’s height in metres? 

Answer:  From the question, we can say that to reach 2 m height, Dinesh has to grow 45 cm more

Dinesh's height = 2 m - 45 cm 

We know that 1 m = 100 cm, hence

Dinesh's height = 200 cm - 45 cm  = 155 cm 

Hence, Dinesh height is 155 cm =  1 m 55 cm 


Measurement of the Capacity of the Objects.

  • Capacity is defined as the amount of liquid a container can hold and there are different units to measure the same. 

  • The standard unit for measuring the capacity of anything is a litre. Litre in short is written as L.

  • Millilitre(mL), Centilitre(cL), deciliter (dal), Decilitre(d), Hectolitre (hl) and Kilolitre (kL)  are the other units of measurement of capacity.             

  • Large quantities of liquid are usually measured in terms of Litres. For example, water-filled in a bucket will be more than a litre.

  • Small quantities of liquid are measured in millilitres (mL). For example, If we have to measure the amount of coffee present in a cup or the amount of water present in a small bottle. 


Measurement Units of Capacity Related To Each Other in a Place Value System. 

                   

Place value system for units of capacity


Image: Place value system for units of capacity 


  • The concept of a place value system for capacity is very similar to length conversion. 

  • As L is the basic unit of measurement of capacity, all the other metric units are derived from L. It is clear that when we move from one metric unit to another to the left, the value of the metric units becomes ten times bigger. 

  • Similarly, when we move from one metric unit to another to the right, the value becomes ten times smaller. The table given below has summarised the same. 


Unit

mL

cL

dL

L

daL

hL

kL

Value 

0.001 L

0.01 L

0.1 L

1 L

10 L

100 L

1000 L


Solved Question 1. A water tank had a total capacity of 2500 Litres of water. During the daytime, 950 L 350 mL of water is pumped out of the tank. How much amount of water is left in the tank? 

Ans: From the given information we can say that 

The total capacity of the tank = 2500 Litres

Total water pumped out during the daytime = 950 L 350 mL, 

Therefore, water left in the tank = 2500 L - 950 L 350 mL = 1549  L= 65 mL 


Solved question 2. The quantity in one Dettol hand sanitiser bottle is 500 mL. What is the quantity present in 12 dozen such bottles? 

Ans: One Dettol hand sanitiser bottle contains 500 mL 

We know that a dozen is nothing but a group or set of twelve. 

Therefore 12 x 12 bottles contains Dettol hand sanitizer= 500 mL x 12 x 12 

= 500 mL x 144 

= 72000 mL or 72 litres. 

Therefore a dozen of Dettol hand sanitisers have a total of 72 litres worth of hand sanitiser liquid in them. 


What is Money?

  • Money is anything that helps in buying people goods and services. Money is a very important part of everyone’s daily life. Money is also called currency. 

  • There are many countries in the world and every country has their currency. 

  • There is a certain value that is linked with every currency and this value differs from one country to another. For example, the value of money in India will not be the same as in Srilanka.

  • The currency of India is the Indian rupee denoted by the symbol ₹. 

  • According to the Indian Currency. 

  • 1₹ = 100 paisa

  • 1 paisa = (1/100 ) rupee = 0.01 rupee 


Temperature 

  • A certain degree of hotness or coldness of a body is temperature. 

  • Degrees are the units which are used to measure temperature. Degrees Celsius which is represented by °C and degrees Fahrenheit which is represented by °F are a few of the different temperature scales. 

  • With the help of a thermometer, the temperature of an object is measured. 

  • The Fahrenheit scale ranges from 32 ° F  to 212 ° F. Water has a freezing point of 32 ° F and a boiling point of 212° F.

  • The Celsius scale, also known as the centigrade scale, ranges from 0 to 100 ° C. The freezing point of water is 0° C, and the boiling point of water is 100° C.


Conversion of Temperature  

  • The formula that is used to convert temperature when it  is given in degrees Celsius is, C = (F – 32) x 5/9

  • The formula that is used to convert temperature when it  is given in degrees Fahrenheit is, F = 9/5 x C + 32


Practice Questions: 

1. Mithun’s uncle in America had sent him 10 US dollars as a gift. Mithun used 350 rupees for a school trip. How much money was left with him?
Ans 1:  Money which was used by Mithun for the school trip = 350 rupees 

Therefore the money left with Mithun = 764.9 - 350  = 414.9 

Hint: To solve this problem make sure you know you know the value of 1 US dollar in terms of Indian Rupees which is  1 US dollar = 76.49 Indian rupees. 


2. Majeed’s father is working in U.A.E. He gets 1000 Dirham as salary. Arun’s father who is working in Sri Lanka gets 2000 Sri Lankan Rupees. Who gets more Indian rupees as salary?
Ans 2:  Majeed’s father's salary in Indian rupees is 20,830 Indian rupees. 

The salary of Arun’s father in Indian rupees is 440 

Hint: To solve this problem we have to know the value of 1 UAE Dirham and 1 Sri Lankan rupee in terms of Indian rupees. 

1 UAE Dirham is equal to  20.83  Indian rupees

1 Sri Lankan rupee is equal to 0.22 Indian rupees

3. Convert 45 Celsius into Fahrenheit

Ans 3: 45 Celsius into Fahrenheit is 113 degrees 

Hint: To convert a temperature into Fahrenheit when it is given in Celsius we have to use the formula C = (F – 32) x 5/9

F = 113 degrees 

Importance of NCERT Maths Class 5 Chapter 10 Tenths and Hundredths 

  • The fundamental concept of tenths and hundredths is covered in this chapter. It has important questions that students can practice to develop their problem-solving skills for this chapter. 

  • Students will learn how to represent the value of decimals on a number line. The chapter has multiple exercises to solve which students are required to measure objects in millimeters and centimeters using decimals. Further practice will enable them to analyze anything and measure it using a scale

  • They can understand how the values and positions of numbers after the decimal points are different from the values of numbers that come before the decimal points. 

  • When they proceed further in the chapter, they will learn how fractions can be converted to decimals and vice versa. There are questions in the exercises that can help them gain a better understanding of these concepts. 

  • Building a good foundation in this chapter can help students in calculations from other chapters such as area and its boundaryhow big how heavy, etc.

  • Students will also have to multiply and divide using the concepts of decimals. 


Benefits of Tenths and Hundredths Class 5 Worksheets with Answers

Learning from Vedantu’s revision notes and worksheets for the NCERT Chapter 10 of Class 5 Maths can be beneficial for students preparing for their exams. Some of the benefits are listed below. 

  • They get a clear explanation of decimals and how to represent them in the number line.

  • They can learn how to convert fractions into decimals and vice versa.

  • They will understand different ways to multiply and divide using decimals and how to put the values after the decimal point.

  • They can practice questions that have been asked in the CBSE papers of previous years.

  • These worksheets and revision notes provide a chance to recall anything that they might have missed in class about the chapter.

  • Fundamental knowledge about decimals can lead to increased understanding and expertise in complex calculations.

  • Students can guess draw and measure different objects and write their values in decimal points.

Prepare for your exams effectively by downloading NCERT Maths Class 5 Chapter 10 revision notes. After you have completed the chapter, you can use these notes to revise anything that you might have missed.

Conclusion

The revision notes for CBSE Class 5 Maths Chapter 10 on Tenths and Hundredths by Vedantu are a helpful tool for understanding important concepts. The notes cover key ideas in a simple language suitable for fifth-grade students. One crucial section emphasizes the significance of understanding tenths and hundredths in decimals. Mastery of this section is essential for grasping the broader concept of decimals and their application in real-life situations. Vedantu's revision notes provide clarity and support for students, making learning accessible and engaging. By focusing on these materials, students can strengthen their foundation in mathematics and feel more confident in their studies.

FAQs on Tenths and Hundredths Class 5 Notes CBSE Maths Chapter 10 (Free PDF Download)

1. Are tenths and hundredths chapter revision notes important for exam preparation? 

Scoring high marks in the examination can become a lot easier if you prepare from the revision notes for NCERT Maths Class 5 Chapter 10. Not only will you be able to gain a better understanding of the topics but you can also quickly revise anything that you might have missed in the chapter with the help of these revision notes. 

2. How to practice questions for Tenths and Hundredths chapter?

First of all, you have to gather the revision notes and worksheets for the chapter. Try and solve different problems from the exercise and worksheets, and verify your solutions with the given explanations. Thus, you will be able to identify your mistakes and work on them accordingly. This will help you to practise the sums of Class 5 Chapter 10 more effectively.

3. Why should I study tenths and hundredths?

Regular studying and practicing from the revision notes on Vedantu will help strengthen your concepts and idea about the chapter and help you build a strong foundation for advanced concepts of Maths.