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Financial Statements - I Class 11 Notes CBSE Accountancy Chapter 9 (Free PDF Download)

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Last updated date: 02nd Mar 2024
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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Chapter-9 - Free PDF Download

Financial Statements is divided into two chapters, here in the discussion we have provided revision notes of part I. As studied and understood by the students this chapter is as important and as humongous chapter. Students are seen struggling with this chapter, they are confused about where to record which items.

Financial Statements also is a very important chapter for class 12 and further higher studies with this subject. These Financial Statements are the end statements that are prepared by all the companies at the end of their financial year. One wrong posting, and students will lose their marks.

Download CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Revision Notes 2023-24 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 11 Accountancy revision notes for All chapters:


Competitive Exams after 12th Science

Access Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 9 - Financial Statements Part- 1

Definition: 

Financial Statements are the final statements that provide the summary of the accounts of a business enterprise stating its financial position and financial performance at the end of an accounting year. 

Financial Statements include following statements: 

  1. Trading and Profit and Loss Account (or Income Statement) that depicts the financial performance of an enterprise. 

  2. Balance Sheet that presents the financial position of the enterprise at the end of an accounting year. 

  3. Notes to accounts or Schedules and notes forming part of Balance sheet and Income statement to give details of various items shown in both the statements.

  4. Cash flow statement that helps to ascertain the flow of cash in the organization.

Objectives of Preparing Financial Statements: 

The objectives of preparing financial statements are: 

  1. To present the true and fair picture of the financial position of the business. 

  2. To reflect the true and fair picture of the financial performance of the business. 

  3. To provide detailed information regarding the resources of the company

  4. To help in the decision making to the owner of the organization.

Expenditure: 

Whenever there is a payment made for other than settling the existing liabilities it is called expenditure. On the basis of the nature of this payment expenditure are classified as: 

  1. Capital Expenditure: These are those non-recurring expenditure benefits of which are extended to more than one accounting year. For example, Expenditure incurred to purchase machinery, the benefits of machinery would definitely extend to more than one accounting year hence this is a capital expenditure. 

Capital expenditures are shown on the assets side of the Balance Sheet. 

  1. Revenue Expenditure: These are those recurring expenditures that are incurred for smooth conduct of the business benefits of which are extended to only one accounting year. Example, Salary paid to the employees, advertising expenditures, etc. These are shown on the debit side of Trading and Profit and Loss Account.

Receipts:

Receipts are the cash inflows that may or may not result in obligation to pay in future. On the basis of this nature, receipts can be classified as: 

  1. Capital Receipts: These are those receipts that implies a future obligation to return the money in future. These are those receipts that are irregular and not received in the normal course of business. Example: Sale of machinery, Long-term loan taken, Capital brought in by the owner, etc. These are shown in the balance sheet, either increase in liabilities (Loan taken) or decrease in assets ( Sale of Machinery). 

  2. Revenue Receipts: These are receipts that do not imply a future obligation to return the money in future. These are regular receipts that are necessary for operational activities of the business. Example, Rent received, Interest or commission received, etc. These are shown in the credit side of the Trading and Profit and Loss Account. 

Trading and Profit and Loss Account: 

It is the income statement that depicts the profit earned or the loss incurred at the end of the current accounting year. The net of revenue and expenditure is profit or loss. 

Items Comes under Trading and Profit and Loss Account: 

Items on the debit side: 

  1. Opening Stock: It is the stock of goods that are in hand at the beginning of the year and is being carried forward from the previous year. 

  2. Net Purchases: Goods which are purchased during the year both cash and credit purchases less goods returned to the suppliers known as Purchase Returns gives Net Purchases.

  3. Wages: These are direct wages paid to the factory workers as remuneration.

  4. Carriage Inwards/ Freight inwards: These are the transportation costs that are incurred for bringing items to the place of purchase.

  5. Fuel/Water/Power/Gas: These are those expenses that are incurred while production of goods.

  6. Packaging Materials and packing charges: These form part of direct expenses for packing and packaging expenses of goods to be sold.

  7. Salaries: These are the remuneration paid to administrative, office or godown staff for their services in the business. 

  8. Rent Paid: It is the expense of Rent for office, administration building, municipal taxes paid for running the business. 

  9. Interest Paid: It is the interest component paid on liabilities, i.e., Interest on loans, debentures, etc. 

  10.  Commission Paid: It is the commission paid to sales agents that are an expense and are debited to Profit and Loss Account. 

  11.  Repairs: These include the revenue expenditure made on maintenance and repairs of fixed assets. 

  12.  Miscellaneous Expenses: Some petty or sundry expenses that are so small that can not come under one head are clubbed together and are written as Miscellaneous expenses. 

  13.  Depreciation: It refers to decrease in the value of asset on account of wear and tear and passage of time. It is treated as expense and debited to profit and loss account and in the balance sheet deducted from asset value.

  14. Provision for bad debts: It's not possible for the business to know the actual amount of bad debts, hence we make a reasonable estimate for the loss and provide the loss. It is known as provision for bad debts.

Items on the Credit Side

  1. Net Sales: It refers to the total sales made during the year both cash and credit sales less the Sales returns i.e., the goods returned by the customers. 

  2. Other Incomes: Incomes in the form of Interest received, Commission received, rent received comes under the credit side of the Profit and Loss Account. 

      3. Closing Stock: It is the stock of goods that are in hand at the end of the year
          and is being carried forward to the upcoming year. 


Format of Profit and Loss Account:

Trading and Profit and Loss Account

for the year ended ……..

Particulars 

Amount 

Particulars 

Amount 

To Opening Stock  

To Purchases  

Less: Purchase 
Returns
To Wages 

To Carriage Inwards 

To Gross Profit c/d 









By Closing Stock 

By Sales                 

Less: Sales               

Return 




To Salaries 

To General Expenses 

To Rent 

To Carriage outwards 

To Advertising 

To Net Profit (transferred to Capital account) 


By Gross Profit b/d 




Gross Profit:  

Gross Profit is the excess of Net Sales over the Net Purchases and Direct Expenses incurred for producing those goods. 

Gross Profit=  Net Sales- (Net Purchases + Direct expenses) 

If the Net Sales is less than the sum of net purchases and direct expenses it results in Gross Loss. The Gross Profit/Loss is transferred to Profit and Loss Account. 

When Cr side is less than Dr side, or the excess of sales over purchases and direct expenses is called gross profit. If the amount of purchases including direct expenses is more than the sales revenue, the resulting figure is ‘gross loss’.

Net Profit: 

If the total of the debit side of the Profit and Loss account that depicts the expenses is more than the credit side it results in Net loss and if the total of the debit is less than the credit side then it is the Net Profit for the period. 

Net Profit= Gross Profit + Other Incomes – Indirect Expenses 

The Net Profit/loss so computed is transferred to the Capital account in the liabilities side of the balance sheet. 

Operating Profit (EBIT): 

If the operating revenue is more than the operating expenses it results into operating profit. It is that profit that is earned through the normal operations of the business. 

Operating Profit = Net Profit + Non-Operating Expenses- Non Operating Incomes 

Balance Sheet: 

It is the position statement that shows the financial position of the business for that period by showing the assets and liabilities of the business. On the left side there is Liabilities and on the right side of the balance sheet there is Assets. 

It is prepared to know the exact financial position of the enterprise. All the accounts of assets, liabilities and capital are shown in the balance sheet.

Items Comes Under Balance Sheet: 

  1. Current Assets: These are those assets that can be liquified in cash easily i.e., they can be converted to cash within one year. For ex- Debtor, Bills receivables, Cash, Bank etc.

  2. Current Liabilities: These are those liabilities that are paid within a period of one year.  Such as Creditors, Bills payable, Outstanding expenses etc.

  3. Fixed Assets: These are those long-term assets that are not easily liquified into cash and are kept in business for a longer period of time like, plant and Machinery. 

  4. Intangible Assets: These are those assets that are not tangible in nature i.e., they can not be seen or touched like goodwills, trademarks, etc. 

  5. Investments: These are the investments made in the securities of government or other businesses. They are generally represented at Cost price. 

  6. Long-term liabilities: These are those liabilities that are payable after one year such as long-term bank loan, long-term debentures. 

  7. Capitals: It is the amount brought in by the owner. It is the difference of liabilities due to outsiders from assets. 

  8. Drawings: These are the amounts withdrawn by the proprietor or the owner for personal use that reduce the amount of capital.

  9. Closing Stock: It is the stock of goods that are in hand at the end of the year and is being carried forward to the upcoming year.  

Format of Balance sheet:

Balance Sheet 

as on …………. 

Liabilities 

Amount 

Assets 

Amount 

Capital                     

Less: Drawings        

Add: Net Profit       


Current Liabilities 

Creditors 

 


Fixed Assets:

Machinery  

Current Assets: 

Debtors 

Cash 

Closing Stock 







Illustration: 1 

From the following information prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet for the year ended 31st March, 2021. 

Account 

Amount 

Account 

Amount 

Capital 

Machinery 

Sales 

Purchases 

Sales Return 

Opening Stock 

Drawings 

Wages 

Carriage Inwards 

7,20,000 

1,40,000 

16,40,000 

8,00,000 

20,000 

2,00,000 

80,000 

2,00,000 

10,000 

Salaries 

General Expenses 

Rent 

Purchases Return 

Debtors 

Cash 

Carriage Outwards 

Advertising 

Creditors 


1,20,000 

40,000 

1,00,000 

10,000 

6,00,000 

80,000 

40,000 

40,000 

1,00,000 

Closing Stock was valued at Rs. 4,00,000. 

Ans: Trading and Profit and Loss Account

for the year ended 31st March, 2021 

Particulars 

Amount 

Particulars 

Amount 

To Opening Stock  

To Purchases  8,00,000 

Less: Purchase    (10,000)           Returns 

To Wages 

To Carriage Inwards 

To Gross Profit c/d 


2,00,000 

 

7,90,000 


2,00,000 

10,000 

8,20,000 

By Closing Stock 

By Sales            16,40,000 

Less: Sales              20,000  

Return 

4,00,000 

 

16,20,000 

20,20,000 

20,20,000 

To Salaries 

To General Expenses 

To Rent 

To Carriage outwards 

To Advertising 

To Net Profit (transferred to Capital account) 

1,20,000 

40,000 

1,00,000 

40,000 

40,000 

4,80,000 

By Gross Profit b/d 

8,20,000 

8,20,000 

8,20,000 


Balance Sheet 

as on 31st March, 2021 

Liabilities 

Amount 

Assets 

Amount 

Capital                     7,20,000 

Less: Drawings        (80,000) 

Add: Net Profit       4,80,000 


Current Liabilities 

Creditors 

 

 


11,20,000 



1,00,000 

Fixed Assets:

Machinery  

Current Assets: 

Debtors 

Cash 

Closing Stock 


1,40,000  


6,00,000 

80,000 

4,00,000 

12,20,000 

12,20,000 

Class 11 Accountancy Revision Notes Chapter 9 Revision Notes

For an important chapter such this, we made sure to design the revision notes as per the ease of revising done by the students. Students are suggested not to ignore the strategy of revising and revising the chapter with our free pdf revision notes on a regular basis. Students need to be clear about the items which are posted in the respective accounts.

In this chapter, there are many points that are mandatory to be noted to score full marks in this section. We have jotted the points in a sequence so that the students can avail to them whenever required. This is such a chapter which requires revision on a regular basis, else the students tend to forget the points very easily. They need to understand the concept of the chapter and then proceed on with the sums. Then again come back to revise those from these notes.

The revision notes prepared by us consists of the following topics – Financial Statements, Capital expenditure, Revenue Expenditure, Capital Receipt, Revenue Receipt, Trading and Profit and Loss Account, Relevant items in Profit and Loss Account, Format of Trading and Profit and Loss Account, Concept of Gross Profit and Net Profit, Illustrations, Operating Profit, Balance Sheet, and all related illustrations.

What Are The Items of The Debit Side in Financial Statement Class 11?

There are numerous items that are included on the debit side of a financial statement. A few of these are:

  • Wage: This is referred to as remuneration which is paid to the workers. These workers are the ones who are directly related to loading, and unloading the production of goods. 

  • Opening Stock: At the beginning of the accounting year, the stock of goods in hand is referred to as opening stock.

  • Packaging Material and Charges: This refers to the cost of packaging material that is used for packing products. These are direct expenses because it includes small containers which form part of goods sold. This is one of the important things to learn in Financial Statement Class 11 notes.  

  • Purchases Fewer Returns: Every item appears as purchases on the debit side of the trading account which is bought for resale.

  • Salaries: While wages are given to the workers who are directly associated with loading and unloading of products or goods, salaries refer to the payment given to administration, godown, and warehouse staff.

  • Rent Paid: These include all kinds of rents like the rent of the godown, factory rent, municipal rates and taxes, etc.

  • Carriage Inwards: The carriage inwards refers to the transportation cost involved in transportation and bringing goods and materials. 

  • Water, Power, Fuel, Gas Expense: These items are also part of expense as they are used in the production process.

  • Repairs: Replacements, renewals, and repairs are some of the common occurrences in a factory setting. It could be of machines, furniture, fittings, and other similar things.

  • Commission Paid: Any payable business transaction that takes place through agents is also an expense. This is later debited into a profit and loss account. 

  • Interest Paid: The interest paid on renewal bills of exchange, loans which are debited into profit and loss accounts also forms an integral part of an expense. To know more about this, a student can refer to Financial Statement 1 Class 11 notes. 

Key Takeaways of the Revision Notes and Few Suggestions for the Students

Students revising from these notes are equally ready for the exam and have a strong foothold over the chapter, the important topics revised here as follows:

  1. Financial Statements:

The meaning of the chapter should be noted by the students.

  1. Financial Statements Include the Following Statements:

Students should be aware of the other statements that come under Financial Statements.

  1. Trading and Profit and Loss Account:

The theory and all the illustrations related to this section should be studied well by the students.

  1. Relevant Items on Trading and Profit and Loss Account:

Students should check with the items that appear on the credit or debit side of each account. They should be thorough in this part to completely solve their sums correctly.

Why These Revision Notes?

Students follow the revising strategy mandatorily to prepare for the HS exam, they should revise side by side of their new learning:

  1. The revision notes help the students to revise the important points of this chapter.

  2. The revision notes also contain the format of the trading and profit and loss account which will be beneficial for the students while revising.

  3. They can refer to these capsuled notes before the exam rather going through the huge chapter.

  4. Illustrations are also provided in the revision notes to give the student an effective revising schedule.

  5. The chapter is quite important hence revision material is utmost required.

NCERT Solutions Chapter 8 Class 11 Accountancy Revision Notes

The NCERT solutions prove to be the best guide for the students for their preparation of their exam. These are the standard guides being issued by the board. The NCERT solutions are also provided by us for free in our portal itself.

Students are requested to visit the free pdf NCERT solutions for this chapter. Financial Statement is a vital chapter, the students are suggested to solve the theoretical questions and the sums using this guide.

FAQs on Financial Statements - I Class 11 Notes CBSE Accountancy Chapter 9 (Free PDF Download)

1. Are Financial Statements Important in Class 12?

Ans. The students of class 11 are before-hand prepared for their boards and so yes, this chapter is important in class 12 and also in their graduation studies.

2. How can I Record the Item Correctly in the Respective Accounts?

Ans. Firstly the students should understand why the particular items are recorded in respective accounts. Further they should practice a lot solving various sums. Next they should keep revising with the items that are recorded in the accounts in that way they will never make mistakes while solving the questions of financial statements in the exam.

3. From Where can I Download the NCERT Solutions?

Ans. The NCERT Solutions can be downloaded for free from our portal itself. Students are suggested to solve the NCERT solutions to get an idea about the type of questions being asked by the board and to get accustomed with the question level. The NCERT solutions are very helpful. It will clear the concept of the chapter even more.

4. Is Class 11 Chapter Mentioned here Difficult?

Ans. The honest answer to this is- ‘no’ the chapter is not at all difficult rather interesting one need to only check up with the items that are recorded in the three different accounts and follow up with the same to get an answer entirely correct.