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Bank Reconciliation Statement Class 11 Notes CBSE Accountancy Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)

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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 - Free PDF Download

Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 Bank Reconciliation Statement is a crucial chapter that teaches students what this important topic is. It also explains the different concepts and terms related to this topic and develops the conceptual foundation. To make this process better, refer to the concise notes prepared by the subject experts of Vedantu. Use the easier version of the whole chapter described in these notes to prepare well and score more in the exams.


Bank Reconciliation Statement class 11 notes are one of the best -designed and exam-oriented notes prepared by the highly skilled teachers of Vedantu. The following article aims at providing the best of Accounts class 11 chapter 5 Notes. Bank Reconciliation Statement notes for class 11 of Vedantu will help you to understand the basics of the chapter and to score high marks in the exam. Bank reconciliation system is an integral part of the banking system as this keeps a record of each and every transaction.

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Access Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 - Bank Reconciliation Statement

1. Definition: 

  • Bank Reconciliation Statement (BRS) is a statement that is prepared by a firm to reconcile the balances as per cash book prepared by the firm and the balances as per pass book recorded by the bank. 

  • The need for bank reconciliation statements arise from the fact that many times there is a difference in both the balances. 


2. Causes of Differences in Balance: 

The differences in balances in Cash Book and Pass Book may arise due to: 

  1. Difference in timings for recording the transaction 

  2. Errors made by bank or firm while recording the transaction. 


2.1. Difference in Timings for Recording the Transaction 

There may be a difference in balance caused by the timings gap both for payment as well as for receipts. Some of the factors responsible for these gaps are: 

  1. Cheques issued by banks not yet presented for payments. 

  2. Cheques paid into the bank but not yet collected. 

  3. Direct debits made by the bank on behalf of the customer. 

  4. Amounts directly deposited in the bank account. 

  5. Interest and dividends collected by the bank. 

  6. Direct payments made by the bank on behalf of the customers. 

  7. Cheques deposited/bills discounted dishonoured. 


2.2. Errors Made by Bank or Firm While Recording the Transaction 

Sometimes there may be an error while recording a transaction that can result in a difference in balances. Such errors can be made both by banks or firms, hence they are of two types: 

  1. Errors committed by firm: 

(i) Wrong amount debited or credited in the cash book. 

(ii) Omission of any transaction. 

(iii) Error in totaling or balancing the bank column of the Cash book. 

  1. Errors committed by bank: 

(i) Wrong amount debited or credited in the pass book. 

(ii) Omission of any transaction. 

(iii) Error in totaling or balancing the bank column of the Pass book. 


3. Benefits of Bank Reconciliation Statement: 

  1. Helps in tracking errors. 

  2. Helps terminate the risks of fraud. 

  3. Helps in tracking transaction status periodically. 

  4. Helps in achieving accurate balance. 


4. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement: 

  • A BRS is prepared by taking either the balance of Pass book or Cash Book as a starting point. 

  • Bank records all the deposits in the credit and withdrawals in the debit side of the Pass book. 

  • Tally the debit side of the cash book and the credit side of the pass book and vice-versa and note the point of differences. 


4.1. Method for Preparing Bank Reconciliation Statement: 

The format for preparing BRS is given below: 


Particulars 

Amount

(in Rs.) 

Add:



Less:


Balance as per Cash Book 

Items Credit in Pass Book but not recorded in Cash Book. 

Items credit in Cash Book but not recorded in Pass Book. 




Items debit in Cash Book but not recorded in Pass Book. 

Item debit in Pass Book but not recorded in Cash Book.

……….

……….

……….


……….

……….


Balance as per the passbook 

……….


There can be an alternative format for preparing BRS with one column showing additions and another showing deductions: 


Particulars 

Amount

(in Rs.) (+)

Amount

(in Rs.) (-)



Balance as per Cash Book 

Items Credit in Pass Book but not recorded in Cash Book. 

Items credit in Cash Book but not recorded in Pass Book. 

Items debit in Cash Book but not recorded in Pass Book. 

Item debit in Pass Book but not recorded in Cash Book.

……….

……….

……….







……….

……….


Balance as per the passbook 


……….


Points to Remember: 

  • If the BRS starts with Balance as per Cash Book it will give the Balance as per Pass Book at the end and vice-versa. 

  • The Debit balance as per Cash book or Credit balance as per Pass Book is written on the positive side. It denotes that the deposits of the firm are more than the withdrawals and is considered to be a favorable situation. 

  • The Credit balance as per Cash book or Debit Balance as per Pass Book is written on the negative side. It denotes that the deposits of the firm are less than the withdrawals and is considered to be an unfavorable situation or overdraft balance. 

  • The main concept behind adjustments is when the balance in a cash book is getting unnecessarily deducted (i.e., items credited in cash book not recorded in pass book or items credited in pass books not recorded in Cash Book) we increase the balance in Cash Book so we add in it. 

  • When the balance in the cash book is getting over-amounted (i.e., items debited in Pass book are not recorded in cash book, or items debited in Cash book are not recorded in Pass Book) we reduce the amount hence we subtract those items. 


Items which Increase the Pass Book Balance or Decreases the Cash Book Balance 

  1. Cheques issued but not yet presented. 

  2. Credits made by the bank for interests. 

  3. Amount directly deposited by the customers directly into the bank account. 

  4. Interest and dividend collected by the bank. 

  5. Cheques paid into the bank but omitted to be recorded in the Cash – Book 


Items which Decrease the Pass Book Balance or Increase the Cash Book Balance  

  1. Cheques sent to the bank for collection but not yet credited by the bank. 

  2. Cheques paid or bills discounted in the bank but dishonoured.

  3. Direct payments made by the bank.

  4. Bank charges, commission etc. debited by the bank.

  5. Cheques issued but omitted to be recorded in the Cash Book. 


Illustration:1 

From the following particulars prepare Bank reconciliation statement of Arun Ltd. as on 31st March, 2021: 

  1. Balance as per Pass Book was Rs. 14,000. 

  2. Bank collected a cheque of Rs. 500 on behalf of Arun Ltd. but forgot to record it in the Pass Book. 

  3. Bank deposits a cash deposit of Rs. 2,589 as Rs. 2,598. 

  4. The payment of a cheque of Rs. 700 was recorded twice in the Pass Book. 

  5. Dividend collected by bank Rs. 450. 

  6. Bank charges Rs. 250 debited by the bank. 

Ans:                          In the books of Arun Ltd
Bank Reconciliation Statement
        as on 31st March, 2021


Particulars 

Amount

(in Rs.) 

Add:




Less:


Balance as per Pass Book 


Cheque omitted to be recorded 

Cheque recorded twice 

Bank charges debited by bank 


Excess Credit for Cash Deposit 

Dividend collected by bank 


14000


500

700

250


(9)

(450)


Balance as per the Cash book 

14,991


Explanation: 

  1. We start with Balance as per Pass Book as the starting point to arrive at Cash Book Balance. 

  2. When the bank collected the cheque on behalf of Arun Ltd. and omitted to record it in the pass book the balance is undercasted and hence it should be added so as to tally it with the cash balance. 

  3. Bank recorded an error of Rs. 9 in excess and hence it must be brought down. Therefore, it should be subtracted. 

  4. When the payment is recorded twice it will reduce the balance of the pass book with a twice amount ( Rs. 1400) but the balance in the cash book is reduced only once (Rs. 700) and hence it must be added back. 

  5. Dividend collected by the bank will increase the balance in the Pass book but the Cash book balance is unchanged and hence it is deducted. 

  6. Bank charges paid by the bank will reduce the pass book balance and hence it must be added back to reconcile it with the Cash book. 

Note: These explanations are just for better understanding, students are not required to write this from an examination point of view. 


Class 11 Accounts Ch 5 Notes: A Detailed Analysis

What is a Bank Reconciliation Statement?

According to Bank Reconciliation Statement notes, a list displaying the items of difference between the bank statement and the bank column of Cash Book is termed as the Bank Reconciliation Statement. 


Basis of the Difference Between a Cash Book and a Pass Book

As per the Bank Reconciliation Statement notes class 11, the reasons behind the differences in Cash Book and Pass Book are classified into two categories:

a) Time gap in recording transactions

b)  Miscalculations Committed in recording transactions 


Types of Differences Caused by the Time Gap

The time gap in recording transactions causes the following differences:

1) If the cheques are issued and not presented in the bank for effecting payment.

2) If the cheques are deposited or paid into the bank for assortment but not credited by the bank till the date.

3) If the cheques are dishonoured by the bank after deposition of the same.

4) Amount of interest granted by the bank authorities.

5) If the bank charges interest on an overdraft, commission etc.

6) If the customers deposit directly to the bank.

7) The amount collected by the bank in the shape of interest, dividend etc.


Types of Differences Caused by Miscalculations Committed in Recording Transactions:

These types of miscalculations are divided into two categories:

a) Miscalculations committed by the firm:

1) If the cheques issued to some creditors are omitted to keep a record in the Cash Book or double recording

2) If the cheques deposited into the banks are omitted to keep a record in the Cash Book or double recording.

3) Mistakes in the aggregate bank column of the Cash Book.

b) Miscalculations committed by the bank:

Often wrong entries are made by the banks in the customers’ account which is the reason behind the difference in the two balances. 


Significance of Bank Reconciliation Statement

Chapter 5 Accounts class 11 notes perfectly illustrate the significance of Bank Reconciliation Statement. These are noted in the following:

  • The errors and miscalculations either by the firm or by the bank are identified by the statement.

  • It gives satisfaction to the customers.

  • Minimizes the probability of fraud by the employee of the firm or bank.

  • The cheques deposited for collection can be tracked by this.


Process of Preparing Bank Reconciliation Statement

Bank Reconciliation Statement class 11 notes clarify that BRS is made at the time we get the duly filled Pass Book from the bank. At the time of receiving the Cash Book:

a) Debit side entries of the Cash Book are tallied with the credit side entries of the Pass Book and vice versa.

b) The items appearing in the Cash Book and Pass Book must be ticked properly.

c) The items remaining unmarked will definitely be the points of difference. 

d) Lastly, the Bank Reconciliation Statement should be prepared by taking into account either the amount shown in the Cash Book or Pass Book as a beginning point. 


Class 11 Accounts ch 5 notes: Vital Points to Remember

a) If the cash book balance is the point of beginning then it automatically implies that the point of ending will be the Pass Book balance.

b)  If the passbook balance is the point of beginning then it automatically implies that the point of ending will be the cash book balance.

c) The cash book debit balance or Pass Book Credit balance implies that the firm has such an amount deposited in the bank.

d) The cash book credit balance or the Pass Book Debit Balance implies that such amount is withdrawn from the bank without any record.


Importance of Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 Bank Reconciliation Statement Notes

Studying a fundamental chapter in Class 11 Accountancy will need the assistance of the complete study material. Apart from the study notes and exercise solutions, students will need the revision notes, a concise format of the chapter, to revise and memorise what they have studied.

 

Bank Reconciliation Statement is an important part of this syllabus and students need to pay the fullest attention to learn the concepts well. This is where the notes prepared by the experts will come in very handy. The easier version of these concepts in these notes will enable students to understand the meaning and usage. They will also learn how to use these concepts faster and prepare this chapter well.

 

These notes can also be used as a revision tool for this chapter and recall what they have studied so far. The concise version of these notes will make the revision part much easier. They can easily recall the terms and their definitions and accountancy methods used in this part of the syllabus to answer exam questions precisely and score more.

 

Benefits of Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 Bank Reconciliation Statement Notes

  • The notes are compiled in an easier format. As mentioned earlier, the experts have simplified the concepts and fundamental principles of bank reconciliation statements so that you can grab hold of the concepts better.

  • Revise the chapter in no time before an exam and use your revision session perfectly.

  • Recalling the concepts will become much easier as the format of these notes is well organised. You will also become capable of recalling the concepts during an exam and can score well.

  • Follow the format of these notes to study and revise this chapter. This step will benefit you while formulating the right answers to the questions.


Why Should You Choose Vedantu?

At the beginning of the article, it was stated that Vedantu provides the best of Bank Reconciliation notes. The statement is true in all aspects.

  • In the new era of digital study, Vedantu is one of the leading online study platforms equipped with a group of highly skilled and veteran teachers.

  • You can download the Bank Reconciliation Statement notes class 11 in PDF version which is very easily accessible from the official website of Vedantu.

  • Class 11 Accountancy chapter 5 notes are designed as per the CBSE guidelines and it will be very much helpful for you to secure high marks in the exam.

  • Accounts class 11 chapter 5 notes are made in such a way that these will be very much easy to remember.


Download CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Chapter 5 Bank Reconciliation Statement Notes Free PDF

Get the free PDF version of these notes and make your study sessions more productive. Learn the concepts and memorise them faster by using the same notes. You can also use these notes as a revision tool and remember what you have studied. This is how you can develop your concepts well for this chapter and ace all the exams.

Conclusion 

Class 11 CBSE Accountancy Chapter 5 - "Bank Reconciliation Statement" notes provide a comprehensive understanding of a crucial financial process. The notes elucidate the significance of reconciling a company's records with bank statements, minimising discrepancies, and ensuring financial accuracy. By addressing concepts such as outstanding checks, deposits in transit, and other reconciling items, these notes equip students with the skills to effectively reconcile accounts. This resource not only aids exam preparation but also imparts practical knowledge applicable to real-world financial scenarios, promoting meticulous financial management and transparency. The availability of these notes as a free PDF download enhances accessibility and facilitates a deeper comprehension of the subject.

FAQs on Bank Reconciliation Statement Class 11 Notes CBSE Accountancy Chapter 5 (Free PDF Download)

1. What is the Amended Cash Book Method?

If you go through Bank Reconciliation Statement notes class 11 thoroughly you will find the term Amended Cash Book Method. It is simply the procedure of matching done in the Cash Book by tallying the Bank Column of Cash Book with the Bank Statement.

2. Why is a Bank Reconciliation Statement prepared?

A BRS is prepared periodically to check and confirm the proper recording of the bank related transactions in the bank column of the cash book and also by the bank itself in their books of accounts. The statement helps to find errors in transaction recordings to determine the exact amount of bank balance as on a particular date.

3. What is bank reconciliation Class 11?

According to Bank Reconciliation Statement notes, a Bank Reconciliation Statement is a list outlining the items of difference between the bank statement and the banking column of the Cash Book. It is a schedule that displays the things that differ from the bank statement and the bank column of the Cash Book. The bank reconciliation ensures that all payments that have been processed through the bank statements have been inspected and confirmed, reducing the possibility of data errors in account creation.

4. Who prepares bank reconciliation Class 11?

For the matter that transactions may still be occurring on the actual statement date, the accountant generally produces the bank reconciliation statement utilising all transactions from the previous day. All cash transactions to an account must be included in a reconciliation statement. The deposits are recorded on the credit side of the bank books, while withdrawals are recorded on the debit side. Customers receive their account statements every month or at regular intervals from the bank.

5. When are cheques deposited and bills dishonoured?

If a cheque deposited by the firm is returned unpaid, or a bill of exchange prepared by the business firm and discounted with the bank is returned unpaid on the due date, the bank debits the customer's account. The company will not have quick access to this information, and it will not be recorded in the cashbook. The bank passbook and the firm's cash book will become unbalanced as a result of this.

6. Why is a bank reconciliation statement prepared?

A bank reconciliation statement is prepared for the following causes:

  • Correcting any mistakes in the cash book in order to create correct statements.

  • Determine whether the balance shown by the company's cash book is accurate.

  • To find any faults committed by the bank and take corrective action.

  • Aids in the verification of the correctness of the information recorded in both books.

  • Improves accountability and prevents fraudulent acts such as embezzlement.