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Write the names of any four sex related diseases and write any one symptom of each of them.

Answer
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Hint:The word sexually transmitted disease (STD) is used to refer to an infection that is spread from one human to another by sexual contact.

Complete Answer:
Diseases or infections acquired by sexual intercourse are commonly referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or venereal diseases (VDs). Some of these diseases, such as hepatitis B and HIV, may also be spread by exchanging injection needles, medical equipment, etc. with infected individuals, by transfusion of blood, or from infected mothers to unborn babies.

Four sexually related infections are hepatitis B, genital herpes, HIV and gonorrhea.

1. Hepatitis-B: It is a severe infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It spreads if a person comes into contact with the blood, body fluids, or open sores of a person infected with hepatitis B virus. Not all people newly exposed with HBV have symptoms, but among those who do, symptoms can include exhaustion, reduced appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice.

2. Genital herpes: Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV). It can cause sores on the genital region, buttocks, and thighs. Symptoms include itching or burning sensation in the genitals or anus.

2. Genital herpes: Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by herpes simplex (HSV) virus. It may inflict sores on the genital or rectal area, buttocks, and thighs. Symptoms include itching or burning sensation in the genitals or anus.

3. HIV: AIDS is caused by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmitted by unprotected sexual contact with an infected person or by the use of a contaminated needle to administer drugs. It can also be transmitted by intravenous drug use and often blood transfusions, needles, or other sharp equipment contaminated with infectious body fluids or tissue. Symptoms include episodes of fever, diarrhea and weight loss.

4. Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is an infection caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. Gonorrhea does not necessarily cause symptoms. Gonorrhea can cause discomfort during urination and discharge from the penis in men. If unchecked, it can create issues with the prostate and the testicles. In women, early signs of gonorrhea are mostly mild. Later, it can cause bleeding during periods, discomfort when urinating, and elevated vaginal discharge.

Note:Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can have multiple signs and symptoms, or no symptoms. That is why they may go unnoticed before symptoms or a condition has been diagnosed.
Last updated date: 26th May 2023
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