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When is the world environment day celebrated?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: In the year 1972, under the leadership of the United Nations, a conference was held in Stockholm from June 5 to June 16. This major international conference was convened on environmental issues. The principal aim of this conference was to focus on preserving and enhancing the human environment.

Complete answer:
The Stockholm conference on the environment was also called the “Conference on the Human Environment”. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on 15 December in the same year to designate 5 June as World Environment Day. The United Nations also passed another resolution on 15-Decemcer, 1972 to create the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The first World Environment Day was celebrated in 1974. The slogan for the first World Environment Day was “Only one earth”.
Rapid industrialization and urbanization greatly affect the environment. It became necessary to address various environmental issues such as deforestation, greenhouse effect, global warming, wastage and losses of food, pollution etc. Various campaigns are organised to create awareness towards the protective environmental balance.
The following were the objectives of celebrating World Environment Day:
- To create and spread awareness among common people about the issues of the environment.
- To encourage the common people to clean their surroundings for a safer life.
- To promote people of different societies and communities to participate actively in developing environmental safety measures.

Note: World environment day celebrated every to encourage reduction in greenhouse effects, promote afforestation, planting saplings on degraded lands, reduce dependency on fossil fuels, more use of solar energy, development of better drainage systems etc.