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With the help of a suitable diagram describe binary fission.

Last updated date: 22nd Feb 2024
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Hint: Asexual reproduction is a method of reproduction in which a single parent creates a new offspring. The new people created are genetically and physically similar, i.e., their parent's clones, to each other. Asexual reproduction in both multicellular and unicellular species is observed.

Complete answer:
A mode of asexual reproduction commonly observed in prokaryotes and few single-celled eukaryotes is binary fission. There is a division of the parent cell into two new daughter cells in this form of asexual reproduction. This approach occurs with the division and replication of the genetic matter of the parent into two parts; one copy of its parent DNA is obtained from each daughter cell here.

Among prokaryotic species, it is a key mode of reproduction. Binary Fission happens in the cell without the development of any spindle apparatus. The single DNA molecule starts replication in this step and then binds every copy to separate parts of the cell membrane.

The original (actual) and repeated chromosomes are separated as the cell begins to be dragged apart.
Phase of Binary Fission: The bacterium uncoils and replicates the chromosome, essentially doubling the stuff. Since copying the chromosome, the bacterium begins to grow larger in preparation for binary fission. This is accompanied by an increase in cytoplasmic matter. Another prominent feature of this stage is the two strands migrating to opposite poles of the cell. The cell elongates with a septum that forms at the middle. The two chromosomes are also divided in this stage.

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At this point, a new cell wall is created, and at the middle, the cell divides, splitting the parent cell into two new daughter cells. As essential organelles, each of the daughter cells contains a duplicate of the nuclear materials.
Note: The asexual method of reproduction has a big downside. Genetically similar, mirror images of each other and of the parent cell are all the resulting cells. This idea is worked on with most antibiotics. If an antibiotic is susceptible to a parent cell, then all the subsequent daughter cells are also vulnerable. If in their genes a mutation happens, so it will make a certain strain immune to antibiotics.