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Which part of seed on germination develops into shoot?

Last updated date: 05th Mar 2024
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Hint: A seed is an embryonic plant encased in a protective shell. The formation of the seed is a part of the reproduction process in seed plants, spermatophytes, which include gymnosperm and angiosperm plants.

Complete answer:
Germination is the growth of a plant within a seed that results in the formation of a seedling. It is also the process by which the seed's metabolic machinery is reactivated, resulting in the emergence of radicals and plums. Avascular plant's seed is a small package formed after the union of male and female reproductive cells in a fruit or cone.

All fully developed seeds contain an embryo and, in the case of most plant species, some food reserves wrapped in a seed coat. Some plants produce a variable number of seeds that do not contain embryos; these are empty seeds that never germinate. Dormant seeds are viable seeds that do not germinate due to a lack of specific internal or external stimuli to resume growth. Under the right circumstances, the seed begins to germinate and the embryo resumes growth, developing into a seedling.

When a plumule germinates, it grows into a shoot. The plumule is a part of the seed embryo that develops into the shoot after seed germination. It is a shoot tip with a small bud-like or embryonic portion of the plant. It is also known as a baby plant or a new plant that emerges from the seed embryo.

The Function of Plumules
• The plumule is an embryonic component that helps to develop the shoot system, which includes the stem, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds.
• Plumule provides nutrition to the developing embryonic plant through the biological process of photosynthesis.
Thus, Plumule in germination develops into the shoot

Note: Soil disturbance can result in vigorous plant growth by exposing seeds already in the soil to changes in environmental factors where germination may have previously been inhibited by seed depth or compacted soil.
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