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Which one of the following is the first popular artificial sweeteners?
A) Neotame
B) Saccharin
C) Sucralose
D) Aspartame

Last updated date: 14th Jul 2024
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Hint: Artificial sweetener is one of the most appealing sugar substitutes because it does not add many calories to our diet. It can be used immediately in processed foods such as puddings, dairy products, candy, soft drinks, baked goods, jams, and a variety of other foods and beverages. Artificial sweeteners can also be combined with starch-based sweeteners.

Complete answer:
Artificial sweeteners can be produced through the extraction of plant extracts or chemical synthesis. Sugars are the source of sugar alcohols such as erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol.

Neotame: Neotame, also known as Neotame, is a non-caloric artificial sweetener and aspartame analogue manufactured by NutraSweet. It is 8000 times sweeter than sucrose in terms of mass. When compared to sucrose, it has no discernible off-flavours. It enhances the flavours of the original foods.

Saccharin: Saccharin is a very popular artificial sweetener that contains virtually no food energy. Although it is 300–400 times sweeter than sucrose, it has a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations. Saccharin is used to sweeten beverages, candies, cookies, and medicines.

Sucralose: Sucralose is a zero-calorie artificial sweetener, and the most common sucralose-based product is Splenda. Sucralose is synthesized from sugar through a multistep chemical process in which three hydrogen-oxygen groups are replaced with chlorine atoms.

Aspartame: Aspartame is a non-saccharide artificial sweetener that is 200 times sweeter than sucrose and is commonly used as a sugar substitute in foods and beverages. It is a methyl ester of the aspartic acid/phenylalanine dipeptide NutraSweet, Equal, and Canderel.

Thus, the answer is option ‘B’ i.e, saccharin.

Note: According to some studies, artificial sweeteners may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart and kidney disease, and cancer, as well as hurt our mental health and gut health. It appears unlikely that artificial sweeteners help people reduce their calorie and sugar intake to improve their health or lose weight.