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Which one is a biosphere reserve?
A) Dandeli
B) Nilgiri
C) Thekkady
D) Agumbe

Last updated date: 23rd Jul 2024
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Hint:It was established by the Government of India in 1986. It is located in the part of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, silent valley. It covered three states of India i.e. Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. It is basically for nilgiri tahr, tiger and lion-tailed macaque.

Complete Answer:
The government of India has established about 18 biosphere reserves across India with the aim to protect larger areas of natural habitat than a typical national park and wildlife sanctuary. Biosphere reserves are the learning places for sustainable development. It includes terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. These 18 include:-
>Nilgiri biosphere reserve
>Nanda Devi biosphere reserve
>Gulf of Mannar
>Pachmarhi biosphere reserve
>Achanakmar-Amarkantak biosphere reserve
>Great Rann of Kutch
>Cold Desert
>Agasthyamalai biosphere reserve
>Great Nicobar
>Seshachalam Hills

Additional information: It involves local communities and all interested stakeholders in planning and management. They integrate three main functions:
->Conservation of biodiversity and cultural diversity.
->Economic development i.e. socially, culturally and environmentally sustainable.
->Logistics support, underpinning, development through research work, monitoring, education and training.

The correct option is B i.e. Nilgiri biosphere reserve.

Note:Biosphere reserve is the example of in-situ conservation in which animals or plants are protected and conserved in their native place. In this type of conservation there is greater mobility to the animal species because of the large habitat area.
Nilgiri biosphere reserve is an International biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri hills ranges of south India covers majorly three big states i.e. Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka have about $5520 km^2$.