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Which of the following STDs cannot be treated with antibiotics?
A. Gonorrhea
B. Syphilis
C. Genital herpes
D. Chlamydia
E. Genital warts
i. (A) and (B)
ii. (A), (B) and (C)
iii. (C) and (D) only
iv. (C), (E), and (F)

Last updated date: 14th Jul 2024
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Hint: Antibiotic is a class of medicines that are used to kill microorganisms and bacteria. Antibiotic is made up of two words, Anti meaning opposite, and Biotic meaning life. However, antibiotics are ineffective over viruses and viral diseases. Moreover, STD stands for sexually transmitted diseases and refers to those diseases that are spread through sexual contact.

Complete answer: Gonorrhea is also known as the clap. It is an infectious disease. It is a sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted through the discharge from the infected mucous membranes during sexual contact. Ceftriaxone antibiotic is used to treat the infection of the gonorrhea bacteria.
-Syphilis is transmitted through the bacteria Treponema pallidum. It has three stages namely primary, secondary, and tertiary stages. In the tertiary stage, it becomes neurosyphilis. It is treated with the help of antibiotics like penicillin.
-Genital herpes is caused by the Type II herpes simplex virus (HSV-2). Painful genital blisters are formed on the prepuce of the glans penis or penile shaft in males and vulva or vagina in females. It is treated with the help of pain killer medicines, saline compresses, and an oral drug called acyclovir or Zovirax.
-Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. This bacterium cannot reproduce outside the host cells. It causes urethritis in males and cervicitis in females. It is treated by the administration of drugs like tetracycline or doxycycline.
-Genital warts are caused by the virus known as the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. Patients having genital warts are at an increased risk of cancer. It is treated with the help of cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, electrocautery, excision, laser surgery, and topical application of tincture of benzoin containing podophyllin.
-AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It is caused by HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is transmitted through sexual contact and blood. It is treated with the help of drugs like AZT or Azidothymidine or Retrovir.
Thus, based on the above information we can conclude that Genital herpes, Genital warts, and AIDS cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Hence, the correct answer is option (D).

Note: The HIV enters the cells of the body via the \[C{D_4}\] receptor-mediated endocytosis involving the \[{T_4}\] cells. As time passes the number of the \[{T_4}\] cells decline. This causes the immune system to collapse. This makes the person susceptible to infections and various kinds of diseases.