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Which of the following represents hexadentate ligand?
A.EDTA
B.DMG
C.Ethylenediamine
D.None of the above

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Last updated date: 19th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Ligands are atoms or groups of ligands that bind to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex. The nature of this ligand-metal bond can be ionic or covalent. Some ligands can form more than one bond with the metal atom, these are known as polydentate ligands.

Complete step by step answer:
-Denticity refers to the number of donor groups in the single ligand that can form bonds with the central metal atom.
- Ligand which has only one donor atom is called monodentate ligands, ligands having two donor atoms are called a bidentate ligand.
-DMG stands for Dimethylglyoxime. It binds with metal atoms with two bonds one with each nitrogen atom. Hence it is a bidentate ligand.
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-Similar to DMG, ethylenediamine also has two nitrogen atoms as donor atoms and is a bidentate ligand.
${{{H}}_{{2}}}{{N - C}}{{{H}}_{{2}}}{{ - C}}{{{H}}_{{2}}}{{ - N}}{{{H}}_{{2}}}$
-Similarly, a ligand having six donor atoms is called a hexadentate ligand.
-EDTA refers to ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. EDTA has two nitrogen atoms and four oxygen atoms as donor atoms. Thus it is a hexadentate ligand
    
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Hence the correct option is A. EDTA is a hexadentate ligand.


Note:
EDTA imparts extra stability to the coordination complex due to its chelate effect.
Chelation is the property of polydentate ligands which means ligands that have more than one donor atom.
When a polydentate ligand bonds with the central metal atom or ion, it forms a ring. This ring formation because of the presence of more than one donor atoms is called chelation.
The ring formation or chelation enhances the stability of the coordination complex as compared to the one having no chelation, this effect is known as the chelate effect.