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Which of the following involve the froth flotation process?
I.Extraction of silver from argentite
II.Extraction of iron from haematite
III.Extraction of $Cu$ from chalcopyrite
IV.Extraction of $Al$ from bauxite
A.III and IV
B.II and IV
C.II and III
D.I and III

Last updated date: 15th Jun 2024
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Hint: To answer this question, you should recall the concept of the froth flotation process. This process is used for mineral beneficiation. In ore/mineral beneficiation, froth flotation is a method by which commercially important minerals are separated from impurities and other minerals by collecting them on the surface of a froth layer.

Complete step by step answer:
The process of froth flotation is the process of separation of beneficial minerals from a mixture by creating froth on which minerals separate. In this method of mineral processing, the ores contain multiple metals such as lead, copper and zinc can be selectively extracted by using froth floatation.
The process of froth floatation starts with the step known as comminution process in which the surface area of the ore is increased. In this step, the ores are crushed into very fine powder sized particles and mixed with water. The mixture obtained is called Slurry. This pulp is added in the container filled with water and then air jets are forced into it to create bubbles. The required mineral is repelled by water and thus gets attached to the air bubbles. As these air bubbles rise to the surface with mineral particles sticking to it, these are called froth. This Froth is separated and further taken for the next process of refining and extraction.
Froth floatation method is used for the concentration of sulphide ores such as galena \[\left( {PbS} \right),\] zinc blende \[\left( {ZnS} \right)\] and copper pyrites \[(CuFe{S_2})\]

Hence, the correct option is D.

You should know about the different chemicals used to maintain uniform quality of froth and optimise the adhesive quality of the minerals: Collector, Frother, Regulator, Activator, Depressant and pH Modifier