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Which of the following compounds is an allylic alcohol?

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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Hint: In order to attempt this question, we need to know the basic concepts of alcohol and allyl group, which are very important in Organic Chemistry. Alcohols have hydroxyl groups in their molecule, while allyl group is that group in which the carbon atom attached to the main molecule is attached to a carbon atom which is doubly bonded to another carbon atom.

Complete answer:
Alcohols are organic compounds which carry a functional group $ - OH$ , which is a hydroxyl group. Every alcohol group must contain at least one hydroxyl group which is bound to a saturated carbon atom of the compound. The simplest alcohol known is Methanol having the molecular formula $C{H_3}OH.$ Some other alcohols are Ethanol, Propanol, Butanol, Phenol et cetera. Phenol is the simplest aromatic alcohol, having the molecular formula ${C_6}{H_5}OH.$
Allyl group is a substituent group. Its formula is \[{H_2}C = CH - C{H_2} - R\] , where R is the molecule excluding the allylic group.
Allylic alcohols are organic compounds having formula \[{H_2}C = CH - C{H_2} - OH.\] A substituted allyl alcohol will have the formula \[R - CH = CH - C{H_2} - OH.\]
Options (a), (b) and (c) do not have an allyl group. Options (d) has the formula \[R - CH = CH - C{H_2} - OH\] where R is Toluene $\left( {{C_6}{H_5} - C{H_3}} \right).$
 Hence, the required answer is (d)
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The IUPAC name of allyl alcohol is $prop - 2 - en - ol.$ Allyl alcohols on substitution can form different allylic alcohols. The name “allyl” is derived from the Latin name of Garlic, Allium Sativum. There are groups very similar to allyl groups in Chemistry and can be mistaken for it, hence we have to be careful while attempting these types of questions.