Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store
Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
Total views: 393.3k
Views today: 11.93k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
393.3k+ views
Hint: The oxidation of ketones is governed by Popoff’s rule. Unlike aldehydes, ketones do not have any hydrogen atom attached to $>C=O$ group and they cannot be oxidized by weak oxidizing agents such as Tollen’s reagent or Fehling's solution.

Complete Solution :
Popoff’s rule states that during the oxidation of unsymmetrical ketone, the cleavage of the $C-CO$ bond is such that the keto group always stays with the smaller alkyl group.
Here is an example, one molecule of ethyl methyl ketone reacts with nascent oxygen to give two molecules of acetic acid.

Here, we see that the initial ethyl methyl ketone has 4 carbons, the products, 2 molecules of acetic acid each have 4 molecules. When the oxidative cleavage of the ketone occurs, the carbonyl carbon stays with the methyl substituent. Both the moieties, the ethyl group and the methyl group along with the keto group, then undergo oxidation to form 2 molecules of acetic acid. Note that the methyl group is the smaller substituent.
seo images


Additional Information:
Following are the physical properties of aldehydes and ketones:
- The first member of the aldehyde series, formaldehyde, is a gas while next ten members of the aldehyde series are colourless volatile liquids at ordinary temperature. Ketones up to eleven carbon atoms are also colourless volatile liquids. The higher members of both the series are solids.
- Lower members of aldehyde and ketone series are soluble in water, as they can form hydrogen bonds with water. However, the solubility decreases as the molecular mass increases. The members having more than five carbon atoms are somewhat insoluble. These compounds are freely soluble in organic solvents such as alcohol, ether, etc.

Note: Because ketones do not have any particular hydrogen atom at the carbonyl carbon, they are resistant to oxidation. Ketones do undergo oxidation reactions at extreme temperatures.