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Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Hint: Composting is a process of decomposing organic solid wastes. It is an aerobic method i.e. it requires the presence of air.

Complete answer: Composting is a method of waste disposal in which organic waste matter gets decomposed naturally under aerobic conditions. By this method, organic material can be recycled.
Thus, natural decomposition becomes an important process for waste disposal. It involves the conversion of organic substances into a humus-like material. This hummus-like substance is known as compost. It is a good fertilizer for plants and hence, used widely in gardening and organic farming.

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As the waste items are gathered, the composting process starts. Organic matters are broken down naturally by earthworms, bacteria, and soil living organisms.
After some months, when all the organic material is broken down, the final product obtained is called humus –a good natural fertilizer for farming
and gardening.

Note: Kitchen wastes e.g. banana peels, vegetable peels, used tea leaves, coffee grinds and eggshells are great items to compost. Yard wastes like grass clippings, dried weeds can also be added to compost containers.