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A) $3\mathop C\nolimits_1 = 5\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

B) $3\mathop C\nolimits_1 + 5\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

C) $9\mathop C\nolimits_1 = 4\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

D) $5\mathop C\nolimits_1 = 3\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

Answer

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As we know the charge stored by the capacitor is the product of individual capacitance and the voltage stored in the capacitor.

$ \Rightarrow Q = CV$……. (1)

Where Q= charge, C= capacitance, V= voltage

Now, let the capacitance of the first capacitor be $\mathop C\nolimits_1 $and the capacitance of the second capacitor be $\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

The charged voltage of the first and second capacitor are 120V and 200V.

So, the charges on the first and capacitors are

$\mathop Q\nolimits_1 = 120\mathop C\nolimits_1 $coulomb

AND

$\mathop Q\nolimits_2 = 200\mathop C\nolimits_2 $coulomb

Now it is given that they are connected in parallel and it is found that the potential on each of them is zero so from equation (1) if the potential or voltage on each of them is zero then the charge on each of them is zero.

It is only possible when they are connected in phase opposition such that \[\mathop Q\nolimits_1 - \mathop Q\nolimits_2 = 0\]

Now, substitute the value in above equation we have,

\[\mathop Q\nolimits_1 - \mathop Q\nolimits_2 = 0\]

$ \Rightarrow 120\mathop C\nolimits_1 - 200\mathop C\nolimits_2 = 0$

Now, simplify this we have

$ \Rightarrow 120\mathop C\nolimits_1 = 200\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

Divide by 40 throughout we have,

$3\mathop C\nolimits_1 = 5\mathop C\nolimits_2 $

The parallel combinatory of the capacitors is exactly equivalent to that series connection of the resistors$\mathop C\nolimits_{eq} = \mathop C\nolimits_1 + \mathop C\nolimits_2 $. It is advised to remember the direct relationship that is q=cv. A parallel plate capacitor is formed by charging parallel plates which may have dielectric or air-filled in between the plates. these plates are separated by some distance d and if A is the area of cross-section of the plates then capacitance $C$ is given by $C=\dfrac{{\epsilon}_o A}{d}$