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The term 'genetics’ was given by
A. Mendel
B. Morgan
C. Bateson
D. Boveri

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Hint: The study of heredity is genetics. Heredity is a biological mechanism by which certain genes are transferred to their descendants or children by a parent.

Complete Answer:
- Genetics originated from the recognition of genes, the basic units responsible for inheritance. At all levels, genetics can be described as the analysis of genes, including the ways they function in the cell and the ways they are transmitted from parents to offspring. The chemical material that genes are made of, called deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, is the subject of modern genetics and how it influences the chemical reactions that form the living processes within the cell.
- William Bateson (8 August 1861 to 8 February 1926) was an English biologist who was the first person who used the word genetics and the chief popularizer of the ideas of Gregor Mendel to describe the study of heredity.
- The word genetics had been used in a letter by William Bateson, an early geneticist and a proponent of Mendel 's ideas; he felt the need for a new concept to explain the study of heredity and inherited variations. But until Wilhelm Johannsen suggested that the Mendelian factors of inheritance be called genes, the term didn't begin to spread.
- In-living cells in the body, the genetic material resides inside the cell nucleus. The data may, for example, be considered to be stored in a journal. Half of the genetic information in this book comes from the father, while the other half is from the mother.
- Each gene is a genetic piece of information. All the DNA in the cell makes up for the human genome. On one of the 23 chromosome pairs found in the nucleus, there are around 20,000 genes located.

The correct answer is option (C) Bateson.

Note: Medical genetics attempts to explain how human health and illness are related to genetic variation. Researchers typically use genetic linkage and genetic pedigree charts to find the position on the genome associated with the disease while looking for an unknown gene that could be involved in a disease.