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The Java man is considered to have existed in
A. Java only
B. China only
C. Africa
D. Java and China

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Humans share many common characteristics with chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans along with other apes. We have most likely evolved from Homo heidelbergensis.

Complete step by step answer: Java is also called Homo erectus erectus. It is the popular name given to human fossils that were discovered on Java island in Indonesia. They were discovered in the year, i.e. 1891-1892. This excavation was led by Eugene Dubois. They discovered a tooth, a skullcap and a thigh bone on the banks of the river in East Java. It was considered as a missing link between apes and humans that's why they were named Anthropopithecus erectus. Further, they were renamed as Pithecanthropus erectus. Some fossils of the java man were also discovered in China.
All Homo sapiens have evolved from the same species that originated in Africa and further spread to different parts of the world.
Parapithecus:- it is of the size of a squirrel and its ancestors belong to the old world monkeys.
Aegyptopithecus:- It was of larger size as compared to parapithecus. They were canopy dwellers and had a tail.
Dryopithecus:- It was a common ancestor of humans as well as apes. It had a semi-erect posture and had the same sized hind limbs and forelimbs.
Ramapithecus:- It was the earliest man-made like primates and walked on legs.
Australopithecus:- They were more human-like below the neck in their bodily posture and ape-like above the neck in their facial structure and cranial capacity.
Homo habilis:- This early human had perfect bipedal locomotion and height. They were both carnivorous and omnivorous. They hunted small animals.
Homo erectus:- They walked erect over long legs, height 150cm. It was the first hominid to move out of Africa.
Homo sapiens:- It is the parent species to which the present humans are similar to in bodily structure and cranial capacity.
Hence, the correct answer is option D.

Note: Java man was characterized by a cranial capacity averaging 900 cubic cm (smaller than those of later specimens of H. erectus), a skull flat in profile with the little forehead, a crest along the top of the head for attachment of powerful jaw muscles, very thick skull bones, heavy brow ridges, and a massive jaw with no chin.