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The impact of natural disaster on environment
A. Destruction of flora and fauna
B. Soil erosion
C. Soil infertility
D. All of the above

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: There are the disasters such as wildfires, floods, and tornadoes can completely defoliate forests and cause other types of structural changes to ecosystems. When sewage treatment facilities flood or debris enters reservoirs and waterways, water quality is impacted. Due to storm surges beaches move and change shape.

Complete answer:
Let’s discuss the options and find out the correct answer.
A. Destruction of flora and fauna: Structures and potentially to humans are the dominant losses from earthquakes, in adverse environmental consequences these events can also result. Examples by the shocks and shifts in land surfaces include flora and fauna damage, as well as alterations in local hydrologic systems. This is the correct option.
B. Soil erosion: The loss of fertile land goes beyond the effects of soil erosion. Degraded lands to hold onto water are also often less able, which can worsen flooding. This is the incorrect option.
C. Soil infertility: The result of a physical or chemical problem in the soil is known as soil infertility that inhibits or prevents the growth of plants. This is the incorrect option.

Hence, the option A: Destruction of flora and fauna is the correct answer.

Note: The effects of soil erosion go beyond the loss of fertile land. In streams and rivers it has led to increased pollution and sedimentation, clogging these waterways and causing declines in fish and other species. To hold onto water degraded lands are also often less able, which can worsen flooding.