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The function of tRNA is to
A) Synthesise amino acids
B) Transcribe the genetic code
C) Form a site for protein synthesis
D) Transport specific amino acids to specific sites on the mRNA

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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Hint:Transfer RNAs or tRNAs are molecules that serve like temporary amino acid carriers. They serve as intermediaries among nucleotide and amino acid sequences in this way.

Complete Answer:
Transfer ribonucleic acid RNA or tRNA is a member of the family of nucleic acids called ribonucleic acids. RNA molecules consist of nucleotides, which are tiny building blocks for both RNA and DNA. tRNA has a very intended function to carry protein subunits, called amino acids, to just the ribosome where proteins are produced. They are combined with mRNA in a complementary and antiparallel way. Transfer RNAs are formed by a variety of genres and are typically small molecules around 70 and 90 nucleotides. tRNA is a kind of RNA molecule that helps to decode a messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence into a protein. tRNAs act at particular sites in the ribosome throughout the translation, which is a mechanism that synthesises the protein from the mRNA molecule. It reads the mRNA in a three-letter nucleotide sequence called codons. Each human codon is identical to an amino acid. It recognises the codon on the mRNA and asks for the particular amino acid encoded by the identified codon. The role of tRNA is to read the message of nucleic acids, or nucleotides, and to convert it into proteins or amino acids.

The correct option is D, transport specific amino acids to specific sites on the mRNA

Note: The method of generating a protein from the mRNA prototype is called translation. tRNAs are ribonucleic acids and are thus able to form hydrogen bonds with mRNA.
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