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The first iron and steel plant was set up in India at
A. Bhilai
B. Kolkata
C. Chennai
D. Jamshedpur

Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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Hint: The first and one of the largest manufacturing plants in Asia is Tata Iron and Steel Company, also known as TISCO. Tata iron and steel Company is situated in Jharkhand which was founded by Jamsetji Tata in 1907 and is the oldest steel plant of India.

Complete answer:
Tata Iron and Steel Company or TISCO is the first iron and steel manufacturing plant in India which was founded and established by Jamsetji Tata and Dorabji Tata respectively on 26th August 1907 at Jamshedpur, Jharkhand. Tata iron and steel Company started production of pig iron in the year 1911 and production of steel in the year 1912. Tata iron and steel Company made rapid progress during the First World War and by 1939, a largest steel plant was operated by Tata iron and steel Company within the British Empire. The establishment of Tata iron and steel Company at Jamshedpur includes various advantages like it is near to deposits of coal and manganese, iron ores, and even to Kolkata which provided a large market. An adequate and sufficient water supply is ensured by the rivers Kharkai and Subarnarekha. The headquarters of Tata iron and steel Company is in Mumbai, Maharashtra and its marketing headquarters are situated in Kolkata and West Bengal. Its manufacturing operations are present in 26 countries which include India, Australia, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, France, Canada etc. The iron and steel manufactured by Tata iron and steel Company is utilized in construction, automation, engineering, lifting and excavation, defense and security sectors and many more. Therefore the first iron and steel plant in India was established at Jamshedpur city in Jharkhand state.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D).

Note: Being the first established iron and steel company in India, Tata iron and steel Company has increased development and employment, improved technology and living standards of a nation.
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