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The distribution of the working population according to the occupations they are engaged in is referred to as the ………………….
A. Functional structure
B. Occupational Structure
C. Population Structure
D. None of these.

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Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Between the age group of 15 years and 59 years of age the number of people in a country who are able and are willing to work is termed as the working population of that country. In other words, the most productive group of people in the economy of a country is its working population.

Complete Answer:
According to the census of India, 2001, around 40 percent of the Indian population is in the working population. The working population of a country is divided according to many different criteria. The population is mainly engaged in a diverse set of occupations. The primary occupations in which the people of any country are engaged are agriculture, manufacturing industries, and the service sectors. When the working populations are classified on the basis of the occupation in which the people are engaged, we call the structure of classification the occupational structure of classification of the working population. In India, different proportions of the working population are engaged in different sectors. The majority of the population are engaged in the agricultural and agriculturally related sectors. Among the three sectors of economic activities, the least number of the population is engaged in the manufacturing sector, that is the secondary sectors. The service sector also employs a large proportion of the working population of our country, India.
So, the correct answer is Option B.

Note: This process of classifying the working population of a country gives us information about the shares of populations engaged in different sectors of the economy. The employability of a sector is analyzed. The nature of the economy of a country is determined.