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Term ‘Ecology’ was proposed by
A. William
B. Odum
C. Reiter
D. Daubenmier

Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Hint: Ecology is the study of the relations between living organisms and their physical environment, including humans; it aims to explain the essential ties between plants and animals and the world around them.

Complete Answer:
- The word ecology is believed to have been invented by Ernst HaecKel (1869) though its first authentic usage was made by Reiter (1885).
- The main goal of ecology is to consider the distribution in the world of the biotic and abiotic influences of living organisms.
- The living and nonliving factors and their interaction with the environment are biotic and abiotic factors. Biotic components are living factors of an ecosystem. Bacteria, animals , birds, fungi, plants etc. are a few examples of biotic components.
- Non-living chemical and physical factors in an environment are abiotic components. The atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere will be able to acquire these components. Sunlight, soil , air, moisture, minerals, and more are some examples of abiotic components.

Environmental Management:
- Ecology allows us to understand how the world is influenced by our actions. It tells people the level of harm we do to the world.
- The lack of ecological awareness has contributed to land and environmental destruction. It has also contributed to some animals becoming extinct and endangered. Dinosaurs, white sharks, mammoths, etc, for example. The analysis of the environment and species therefore allows us to protect them from any harm and threat.

Conserving Energy:
- For their growth and development, all species need energy. The lack of ecological awareness contributes to the over-exploitation of energy resources, such as light, nutrition, and radiation, leading to their depletion.
- Proper awareness of environmental criteria avoids excessive wasting of energy resources and thereby saves energy for future purposes.

The correct answer is option(C) Reiter.

Note: Ecology promotes harmonious living within the species and the adoption of a way of life that preserves life's ecology.