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Study of liver is called
A) Herpetology
B) Horology
C) Hepatology
D) Phenology

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Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The liver is an organ only found in vertebrates which detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion and growth.“Hepato” is the term, which refers to the liver.

Complete Answer:
a) Herpetology is the study of amphibians (including toads, salamanders, frogs, newts and other similar animals) and reptiles (example are snakes, turtles, terrapins, lizards, amphisbaenids, tortoises etc).
b) Horology is the study and measurement of time.
c) Study of the liver is called hepatology.
d) Phenology is the study of periodic life cycles of plants and animals and their response to climate change.

Additional information:Let us understand various functions of the livers which are studied in hepatology-
The liver has multiple functions. It makes many of the chemicals that are required by the body to function normally, it also breaks down and detoxifies the substances that are present in the body.Liver also acts as a storage unit. Hepatocytes (hepar=liver + cyte=cell) are responsible for making many of the proteins (protein synthesis) in the body that are required for many functions, including blood clotting factors, and albumin.The liver plays a vital role in detoxifying the body by converting ammonia (which is a by-product of metabolism) into urea that is excreted in the urine by the kidneys. The liver also breaks down medications and drugs, including alcohol, and is responsible for breaking down insulin and other hormones in the body. The liver also stores required vitamins and chemicals that are helpful for building blocks in the body.

Hence, the correct answer is option C (Hepatology).

Note:Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver along with a lot of other organs like gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders.