Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

Sternum is present on the ventral side of the body

Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
Total views: 384.3k
Views today: 4.84k
384.3k+ views
Hint: A long flat bone known as a sternum or the breastbone connects the rib crocodile images and forms the front of the rib cage. Therefore it protects the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels from injury. By placing the fingers at the center of the chest, one can feel the sternum.

Complete answer:
A flat bone present on the thorax on its ventral side is known as the sternum. In the midline of the chest, it is present and has a 'T' shape.
There are 12 pairs of ribs present in human beings and each pair joints to the column of the vertebra and to the sternum on the ventral end.
The sternum protects the internal thoracic viscera like the heart, lungs, and esophagus as a part of the Bony thoracic wall.
Into the three parts sternum can be divided i.e the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process. These elements are joined by cartilages in the children and ossify to the bone during adulthood.

Additional information:
The two sides of the rib cage together are connected by the sternum or the breastbone. In front of several important organs located in the chest and the gut, it presents which includes the heart, lungs, and stomach.
Due to this unnecessarily that don't have anything to do with the sternum may cause pain in them and their surrounding area. Costochondritis is the most common cause of sternum pain usually generated when the cartilages that connect the ribs to the sternum become inflamed.
Symptoms of costochondritis are -
1)The only side of the sternum area there is sharp pain or ache.
2)In one or more ribs, there is pain or discomfort.
3)Whenever a person breathes deeply or has a cough, then pain or discomfort becomes worse.
So, the correct answer is option (A)"True".
seo images

Note: A flat bone connecting the ribs in front of the human body that is present on the ventral side, is known as a sternum.
Any fractures or break in the breastbone may be caused by direct trauma to the bone.
The sternum fractures can cause popping in the injured area due to the swelling of the joints.