Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

State two causes of AIDS?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
Total views: 394.5k
Views today: 7.94k
394.5k+ views
Hint:Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic and potentially life-threatening disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By destroying your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight infections and diseases.

Complete answer:
HIV: The infection is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. Contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids can cause HIV infection. Most people get the virus through unprotected sex with people living with HIV. Another common way to acquire an infection is to share needles with people who are infected with HIV.

HIV (human immunodeficiency infection) is an infection that assaults the safe framework, the body's characteristic safeguard framework. Without a solid invulnerable framework, the body experiences difficulty warding off sickness. Both the infection and the disease it causes are called HIV. White platelets are a significant aspect of the resistant framework. HIV contaminates and pulverizes certain white platelets called $CD4^+$ cells.

Lymphocyte: The type of white blood cells (white blood cells) that are vital in the immune system because lymphocytes are the cells that determine the specificity of the immune response to infectious microorganisms and other foreign bodies. In adults, lymphocytes account for about 20% to 40% of the total number of white blood cells. They are found in the circulation and are also concentrated in central lymphatic organs and tissues, such as the spleen, tonsils, and lymph nodes, where the initial immune response may occur.

Note:HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It destroys the white blood cells that fight infection and damages your immune system. This puts you at risk of serious infections and certain cancers. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This is the final stage of HIV infection.