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Select the correct match
Column-AColumn-B
(a) Rock bee (i) Apis indica
(b) Little bee(ii) Apis dorsata
(c) European bee(iii) Apis Florea
(d) Indian bee (iv) Apis mellifera

A. a-iv, b-I, c-iii, d-ii
B. a-iii, b-ii, c-iv, d-i
C. a-ii, b-iii, c-iv, d-i
D. a-iv, b-iii, c-i, d-ii

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Bees are the insects that belong to the phylum Arthropoda and several species of bees are domesticated for their honey and beeswax that are used in various products such as cosmetic products and medicine. Bees are a major pollinator element in the agricultural sector.

Complete answer:
The honey bee is a flying insect that belongs to the genus Apis and honey bees represent the small number of 20,000 known species of bees.
(a) Rock bees are called giant honey bees and their scientific name is Apis dorsata and typically 17-20 mm long, it is the bee of south and south Asian countries, found in the forested area like Terai of Nepal. These honey bees are known for their aggressive behaviour, this species of bee shows nuptial flight.
(b) Little bee: It is the dwarf honey bee and its scientific name is Apis Florea, it is the wild honey bee that found in south and southeastern Asia, it is an important pollinator species of Cambodia.
(C) European bee: it is also called a western honey bee and its scientific name is Apis mellifera, it is one of the most common species of honey bee worldwide. It was the first domesticated insect in western that was used for honey and pollination purposes.
(D) Indian Bee: It is Apis Indica which is subspecies of the Asiatic honey bee and predominantly found and domesticated in India, Nepal, Srilanka, Pakistan, Thailand, and Myanmar, it is non-aggressive and rarely show aggressive behaviors and it is ideal for beekeeping purpose.
Hence, the correct Option is C.

Note: Beekeeping is also known as apiculture, which is the process of rearing honey for the honey and beeswax. Apiculture provides extra income to the farmer and it is easy to maintain and does not require large areas as in the rearing of other domesticated animals.