Ringworm is a ....................... disease. A) Fungal B) Bacterial C) Viral D) Nematode
Hint:Ringworm is a contagious infection mainly caused by common mold-like parasite that live on the cells in the outer layer of skin that is epidermis. It can be of two types depending upon the condition whether it is dry or moist.
Complete Answer: Many fungi of genera Microsporum,Trichophyton and Epidermophyton are responsible for causing ringworm infection which is the most common infectious disease in man. Appearance of dry, scaly lesions on the body parts like skin, nails and scalp are the main symptoms of this disease. The lesion is accompanied by intense itching. Heat and moisture help these fungi to grow which makes them thrive in skin folds such as in the groin region or between the toes. Ringworms are generally acquired from the soil or by using towels, clothes or even the comb of infected individuals having infection.
Additional information:Ringworm is also known as dermatophytosis/ dermatophyte infection or tinea infection because the fungi causes ringworm infection belongs to the class Dermatophyte. It is mainly transmitted from human to human by the personal contact or by the use of their infected fomite.
Thus the correct answer is option A i.e. Fungal.
Note:Ringworm is a misnomer since a fungus not a worm causes infection. The lesion caused by this infection resembles a worm in the shape of a ring hence given the name Ringworm. Tinea corporis(ringworm of the body) Tinea cruris (ringworm of the groin area causes Jock itch) Tinea capitis ( ringworm of the scalp) Tinea pedis (ringworm of the foot causes Athlete's foot).