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What is the requirement of sodium in milligram per day?
a.) 400
b.) 500
c.) 600
d.) 700

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Sodium is necessary for the electrochemical balance of the body. It plays an important role in muscular and nerve activity. Sodium potassium pump in nerve cells regulates nerve conduction.

Complete step by step solution:
- Sodium is mainly intake in the form of sodium chloride, which is commonly known as salt. Sodium is the most essential nutrient which requires a very small amount. 700mg to 1200mg per day sodium is recommended in the human diet for the proper activity of heart muscles and nerve cells. Those people who suffered with high blood pressure not recommended more than 700mg parlay. Sodium ion plays a major role in maintaining normal fluid volume in the human body.
- Sodium and salt are often considered the same but they are not the same thing. Salt is commonly known as sodium chloride, is a white crystalline compound and found most abundantly in nature. However, sodium is a mineral or a chemical element which is found in many salts.
- Sodium intake in humans mainly occurs through our diet, apart from salt sodium comes through other food. There are many food products like fruits, eggs and dairy products that do not have salty taste but still contain sodium.
- Sodium is mainly associated with high blood pressure. Water follows the salt concentration in the blood. High sodium in blood draws water and increases blood volume and causes hypertension or high blood pressure.
So, the correct answer is “Option D”.

Note: Sodium and potassium are electrolytes which mainly regulates the blood volume. High consumption of sodium causes hypertension that is directly associated with heart diseases and stocks.