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Rani Abbakka demanded the Portuguese to vacate the ……………………………. Fort

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: Links between India and Portugal started amicably in 1947, when the former gained independence. Ties started to degrade after 1950 due to Portugal's reluctance to surrender its exclaves of Goa, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli on the western coast of India.

Complete answer:
In the pre-Gandhi fight for independence, Rani Chennamma, Keladi Chennamma, stands Rani Abbakkadevi. It belonged to the Chowta family that controlled Ullala. Her uncle Tirumala Raya educated her in battle and took her to power as the queen of Ullala. Abbakka was married to Lakshmappa Arusu in the Bhanga area of Mangalore. Since her marriage didn't last long, she returned to Ullala. She dismissed the Portuguese tax claims. In 1555, they waged war on her. This fight was won by Abbakka. Again in 1568, the viceroy of Portugal, Antonio Noronha, joined Ullal. Abbakka Devi fled, charging the Portuguese with a squad of 200 men. General Peixoto was killed in this attack. Most Portuguese troops have been taken as hostages. Abakkadevi asked the Portuguese to abandon Mangaluru Fort.

She was also one of the first Indians to fight colonialism and is often known as India's 'first women freedom fighter.' In the state of Karnataka, Rani Kittur Chennamma, Keladi Chennamma and Onake Obavva are celebrated as the leading women warriors and patriots.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C).

Note:Kittur Chennamma (23 October 1778 – 21 February 1829) was the Indian queen of Kittur, a princely state in present-day Karnataka. Keladi Chennamma was the queen of the Kingdom of Keladi in Karnataka. Onake Obavva (18th century) was a courageous woman who fought alone against the armies of Hyder Ali with a pestle (Onake) in the Chitradurga kingdom of Karnataka, India.