Hint: The Ramsar Convention is the international treaty dedicated solely to wetlands. The Ramsar Convention currently has 170 signatories. It's also recognized as the Wetlands Convention. It was established in the year 1971 by UNESCO.
The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance is significant because it is the first modern treaty between nations aimed at protecting natural resources. In the small Iranian town of Ramsar, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands was signed in 1971. The Convention on Wetlands has been referred to as the Ramsar Convention since then.
The Ramsar Convention is a treaty that aims to protect wetlands around the world. The Ramsar Convention's broad goals are to stop the global loss of wetlands and to protect those that remain by wise use and management. International cooperation, policymaking, capacity building, and technology transfer are all needed.
The Ramsar Convention promotes the designation of wetlands that are representative, rare, or special, as well as wetlands that are critical for biological diversity conservation. When called, these sites are added to the list of conventions of Wetlands of International Importance and are designated as Ramsar sites. Swamps, lakes, marshes, billabongs, salt marshes, mudflats, fens, mangroves, coral reefs, peat bogs, and other bodies of water - natural or artificial, permanent or temporary - are all examples of wetlands. The Ramsar Convention was first signed in India in 1982. There are 27 Ramsar sites in India at the moment.
Thus the correct answer is option ‘C’.
Note: Under the Convention, wise use is described as preserving a wetland's ecological character. Because of their biological, botanical, zoological, limnological, or hydrological significance, wetlands may be added to the List of Wetlands of International Importance.