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Proteins are synthesized by the process of
A. Transcription
B. Translation
C. Transduction
D. Translocation

Last updated date: 14th Jul 2024
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Hint: Proteins are natural mixtures made up of at least one amino acid chain or, we might say, amino acid polymers. Protein amino acids are connected by a peptide bond. The segments of the relative cell multiplicity are essential proteins. They can be acidic, fundamental and impartial as a premise of their temperament.

Complete answer:
The actual mixture of a polypeptide is called translation after the translation step. Translation is performed on the cytoplasm of the ribosome and performed by mRNA. As a result, ribosomes are also known as the plant that processes cells with protein. The translation is known as the interaction between the data transmitted from DNA as the RNA messengers and the data converted into the series of amino acids linked by peptide links.
The essential three stages of the translation are initiation, Elongation, and termination.
(1) Initiation: When the ribosomes join at a particular site of the mRNA. The ribosome begins coordinating with tRNA anticodon arrangements to the mRNA codon grouping.
(2) Elongation: The peptide bonds consolidate the amino acids in succession to shape a polypeptide chain.
(3) Termination: The ribosome proceeds until it hits a stop grouping, at that point it delivers the polypeptide and the mRNA.

Hence, translation is the correct answer.

Replication (duplication of DNA). record (DNA to RNA), and translation are the three stages in the excursion of DNA to protein. The polypeptide structures into its local shape and starts going about as a practical protein in the cell.