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# Potential differences between the points B and C of the circuit is\begin{align} & A.\dfrac{{{C}_{2}}-{{C}_{1}}}{V} \\ & B.\dfrac{{{C}_{4}}-{{C}_{3}}}{V} \\ & C.\dfrac{{{C}_{2}}{{C}_{3}}-{{C}_{1}}{{C}_{4}}}{{{C}_{1}}+{{C}_{2}}+{{C}_{3}}+{{C}_{4}}}V \\ & D.\dfrac{{{C}_{1}}{{C}_{4}}-{{C}_{2}}{{C}_{3}}}{({{C}_{1}}+{{C}_{2}})\times ({{C}_{3}}+{{C}_{4}})}V \\ \end{align}

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: A capacitor is a two terminal component which stores electrical energy in the form of potential energy later discharges them. This property of capacitors is called the capacitance of the capacitor. Also, capacitors can be connected in series or in parallel circuits with respect to each other.
Formula: $\dfrac{1}{C_{s}}=\dfrac{1}{C_{1}}+\dfrac{1}{C_{2}}$ and $Q=CV$

A capacitor is an electrical device which can store electrical energy, and behaves as a temporary battery. These are used to maintain the power supply. It is one of the main components used in full wave and half wave rectifiers. (symbol: F), named after the English physicist Michael Faraday. Also, 1 farad capacitor, when charged with 1 coulomb of electrical charge, has a potential difference of1 volt between its plates.
We know that the charge $Q$ produced due to capacitance $C$ and potential difference $V$ is given as $Q=CV$. Also, the energy of the capacitor is $E=\dfrac{1}{2}CV^{2}$.
Clearly, from the given circuit, we can say that the capacitance $C_{1}$, $C_{2}$ are in series connection, similarly, the capacitance $C_{3}$, $C_{4}$ are in series. The resultant of the two are in parallel capacitance.
Then we can say that $C_{a}=\dfrac{C_{1}C_{2}}{C_{1}+C_{2}}$ and similarly, $C_{b}=\dfrac{C_{3}C_{4}}{C_{3}+C_{4}}$.
Then the charge $Q_{a}$ and the potential $V$ due to $C_{a}$ will be given as $Q_{a}=C_{a}V$
$\implies Q_{a}=\dfrac{C_{1}C_{2}V}{C_{1}+C_{2}}$ .
Also, $V_{2}=\dfrac{Q}{C_{2}}=\dfrac{\dfrac{C_{1}C_{2}V}{C_{1}+C_{2}}}{C_{2}}$
$\implies V_{2}=\dfrac{Q}{C_{2}}=\dfrac{C_{1}V}{C_{1}+C_{2}}$
Similarly, the charge $Q_{b}$ and the potential $V$ due to $C_{b}$ will be given as $Q_{b}=C_{b}V$
$\implies Q_{b}=\dfrac{C_{3}C_{4}V}{C_{2}+C_{4}}$ .
Also, $V_{4}=\dfrac{Q}{C_{4}}=\dfrac{\dfrac{C_{3}C_{4}V}{C_{3}+C_{4}}}{C_{4}}$
$\implies V_{4}=\dfrac{Q}{C_{4}}=\dfrac{C_{3}V}{C_{3}+C_{4}}$
Then the potential difference between the points BC id given as
$V_{BC}=V_{2}-V_{4}$
$\implies V_{BC}=\dfrac{C_{1}V}{C_{1}+C_{2}}-\dfrac{C_{3}V}{C_{3}+C_{4}}$
$\implies V_{BC}=\dfrac{C_{1}V(C_{3}+C_{4})-C_{3}V(C_{1}+C_{2})}{(C_{3}+C_{4})(C_{1}+C_{2})}$
$\therefore V_{BC}=\dfrac{V(C_{1}C_{4}-C_{3}+C_{2})}{(C_{3}+C_{4})(C_{1}+C_{2})}$

Hence the required answer is option $D.\dfrac{{{C}_{1}}{{C}_{4}}-{{C}_{2}}{{C}_{3}}}{({{C}_{1}}+{{C}_{2}})\times ({{C}_{3}}+{{C}_{4}})}V$

Note:
The series of capacitors is the sum of reciprocal of its individual capacitors, whereas in resistance the parallel is the sum of reciprocal of its individual resistors. Also remember that capacitors can charge and discharge.