Hint:Mulberry is one of the popular fruits which is mostly cultivated in Asian parts of the world. There are three types of mulberries: red, white, and black. It can be cultivated in any climatic conditions but the most favorable is in the tropical regions.
Complete answer:Plantation of trees is not just an act to increase the number of trees, but it has its own benefits like land reclamation, river rejuvenation, landscaping, and forestry. Forestry is a branch of science that helps in maintaining, creating, using, conserving, or repairing forests and other important resources. This is possible by considering other studies:
Ecology: Study of an environment and interaction of the living organisms with each other and as well as with the environment.
Silviculture: Study of managing forest for desired outcomes like wildlife habitat as well as timber production.
Management: Forest management deals with all the legal and administrative processes in which plantation is done.
Mulberry belongs to the family Moraceae and genus Morus. They are fast-growing, perennial plants i.e. plants that have a lifespan of more than two years. As discussed before they are tolerant of drought, wind, salinity, etc., and hence can be cultivated anywhere. The mulberry tree is a multipurpose tree, its leaves are used as a tea, reclamation, to control soil erosion, wood from the mulberry tree is used in many handicrafts, etc., in sericulture i.e. in silk production.
Let’s understand other options as well.
Silviculture: Science and art of managing forestry.
Sericulture: Production of silk from the silkworm.
Afforestation: Process of establishing a forest on new land.
Floriculture: Cultivation of flowers.
Hence, the correct answer is option A- Silviculture.
Note:In the case of mulberries, there can be confusion between silviculture and sericulture. Sericulture, as we know, is the production of silk from the silkworm, where silkworm only eats mulberry leaves, hence mulberry cultivation is done exclusively for feeding silkworms. So, it is said that mulberry plantation is important for sericulture but it is not connected to sericulture.