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Philadelphia chromosome is found in the patient suffering from
(a) Insomnia
(b) Hepatitis
(c) Albinism
(d) Myelocytic Leukemia

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Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
Total views: 345.9k
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Answer
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Hint: The Philadelphia chromosome is an abnormally short version of the chromosome 22. Chromosome 22 along with chromosome 9 are involved in the translocation of materials.

Complete Answer:
Insomnia is a sleep disorder wherein a person has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia can be an acute or short-term condition or a chronic or long-term condition.
Acute insomnia lasts for approximately one night till a few weeks whereas chronic insomnia begins when a person faces insomnia for at least three days in a week for three months or more.
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. The most common cause of hepatitis is a viral infection. Other causes of hepatitis include autoimmune hepatitis. Autoimmune hepatitis occurs when the body makes antibodies against liver tissue. Hepatitis also occurs as a result of medication, toxins and alcohol consumption.
Albinism is a rare genetic disorder which results in the skin, hair or eyes of a body to have little to no pigmentation. Albinism gives way to various vision problems in a person.
Albinism is a defect in the genes that produce melanin. The defect in these genes may result in the absence of melanin production.
The Philadelphia chromosome is a chromosomal abnormality that causes myelocytic leukemia.

Therefore, the correct answer is (d) Myelocytic Leukemia.

Note:
There are two types of insomnia:
Primary insomnia
Secondary insomnia
There are five types of hepatitis:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis D
Hepatitis E
The defective gene that causes albinism is passed down from parent to offspring in the next generation.