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Name two human diseases caused due to water pollution.

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Last updated date: 22nd Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Pollution-related diseases are attributed to exposure to toxins in the air, water, and soil. Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases.

Complete answer:
To answer this question, we have to know about water related diseases. In the form of disease-causing bacteria and viruses waterborne pathogens produced from human and animal waste, which are a main cause of disease developed from infected drinking water. Diseases spread by unsafe water include cholera, giardia, and typhoid.
The diseases that are caused due to water pollution are amoebiasis and cholera. Amoebiasis occurs by Entamoeba histolytica. It is caused when the faecal matter polluted water is ingested. It causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever etc. Cholera is caused by the bacterium, Vibrio cholera. The symptoms include heavily watery diarrhoea, nausea, cramps and vomiting. The water lost is compensated by giving the ORS (oral rehydration solutions).

Note:Waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms which can be directly affected by polluted water. Most waterborne diseases result in diseases like diarrhea. Eighty- seven percent of diarrhea conditions in the world are related to contaminated water, improper sanitation or unhealthy. These conditions cause 1.5 million deaths every year, maximum in young one. The common result of death is lack of hydration. Maximum cases of diarrheal illness and death happen in developing countries due to use of unsafe water, poor cleanliness, and not enough hygiene.