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Name two energy providing nutrients .

seo-qna
Last updated date: 24th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:Nutrients are basically defined as compounds in foods essential to life and health , providing us with energy , the building blocks for repair and growth . They are also necessary to regulate chemical processes .

Complete step by step answer:
Nutrients are mainly divided into two categories macronutrients and micronutrients.
Macronutrients are those which are required by the body in large amounts so they must be consumed on a daily basis.
Micronutrients are those which are required in small amounts as compared to macronutrients.
Macronutrients are divided into three categories ,that is,
-carbohydrates
-proteins
-fats
Micronutrients are divided into two categories ,that is,
-vitamins
-minerals
Among macronutrients, carbohydrates are an important source of energy. Besides them, fats also provide a good source of energy.
One gram of carbohydrates provide four calories while one gram of fats provide nine calories.
Foods that are a good source of carbohydrates are wheat ,rice ,potato, chapati ,etc.
Foods that are a good source of fats are oils ,cheese ,ghee, fish, cream, etc.
Other than these proteins also provide the same amount of energy as carbohydrates.
But they come under the category of body building foods as their main function is growth of the body.
Carbohydrates and fats are the main energy giving nutrients.


Note: As macronutrients are required for providing energy, micronutrients are also important as they are essential elements required by organisms in varying quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health .