Hint: When there is no glucose available to the cells to perform definite work, the fat burns to produce the energy. During the conversion of the fat into the energy, there will be the definite amount of the ketone released into the blood. The excessive ketone in the blood is removed in the urine.
Complete Answer: - In the diabetes mellitus, the cells that do not take the glucose for the release of the energy. Rather they depend on the fats stored in the liver cells or the muscles to get converted into the energy. - Hence all the cells depend on the fats for the release of the energy, this causes the discharge of the more ketone bodies in the blood. This excessive ketone is released in the urine. This causes more urine production. - Where the diabetes insipidus produces very less amount of urine since the kidney loses its ability to balance the fluids in the body. - Acromegaly is the disease that is mainly caused due to the hormonal disorder of the pituitary gland. This gland produces more growth hormone resulting in the aged appearance. - Cushing’s disease is the condition where the steroid hormone cortisol gets increased in the blood.
Thus the option (B) is correct.
Note: The excessive unused glucose in the body causes the high blood sugar level for a long time. Hence the urine eliminated from the body is rich in the sugar level and this also causes the loss of insulin production from the pancreas.