Hint: Cattle rearing is a difficult task and requires a regular inspection for diseases. Cattle diseases are one of the main obstacles to successful cattle rearing. A disease is commonly defined as the discontinuation of the regular condition of an animal’s body.
Complete answer: Animals are healthy if they have good external and internal symptoms. Any exception to these symptoms of a healthy animal can be distinguished as a disease. The cattle are vulnerable to various bacterial and viral infections. Thus, they are easy to get ill and catch the disease. Infections or diseases caused to cattle by any infectious agent are called cattle diseases. The various viral cattle diseases are food and mouth disease, Rinderpest disease, Rabies disease, etc. The various bacterial cattle diseases are Anthrax disease, Calf sour, Black quarter disease, Mastitis disease, etc. The Foot and mouth disease of FMD is a highly contagious severe viral disease of cattle. It is characterized by sores in the mouth and rashes on the feet. Rinderpest is also a contagious viral disease of ruminant animals. It is caused by Morbillivirus.
Anthrax disease is a bacterial infection caused by spore-forming bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. It is characterized by abrupt fever and respiratory or cardiac dysfunction. The black quarter disease is also a bacterial infection caused by Clostridium chauvoei. It is an acute infectious disease but is highly fatal.
Note: The only prevention to keep cattle away from diseases is by maintaining good environmental conditions. Healthy and productive cattle are confirmed through proper hygiene. Damp and dirty warehouses are of danger to cattle. Thus, the area where cattle are kept should be cleaned and dried regularly.