Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

What is the most important change marked by puberty?

Last updated date: 24th Jun 2024
Total views: 395.4k
Views today: 5.95k
395.4k+ views
Hint: Puberty is the process when the human body acquires physical changes when they get mature into an adult body that is capable of sexual reproduction. It is marked by the hormonal signals with the changes from the brain to the gonads which are testis in males and ovary in the female.

Complete answer:
The most important change marked by puberty is the growth and development of the sex organs which initiate the secretion of sex hormones and initiate the formation of gametes. In males, testosterone and spermatogenesis begin by the testes. In the female, the oestrogen and menstrual cycle which results in oogenesis begin by the ovaries. Testes and ovaries are the reproductive organs that produce gametes that are sperm and ova. They help to distinguish the male and female by certain features known as the secondary sexual characters.

Additional Information: The boys undergo certain changes some of which are they developed hairs on their chest and under the arms. The facial hair started growing which was a beard and mustache. The hair grows near the thighs and on the pubic region. When a female undergoes puberty, they start producing the female hormone that is oestrogen by the ovaries. The milk-secreting glands are the mammary glands started developing inside the breast and the production of these hormones is under the control of another hormone which is secreted by an endocrine gland known as the pituitary gland. They started developing hairs on the pubic regions and under the arms or the facial hairs. Humans are capable of reproduction only after Puberty sets in. Puberty is marked by the growth of reproductive organs and hair growth at various places on the body. The voice of boys is becoming hoarse because of the enlargement during adolescence of the voice box. The voices of girls become highly pitched. The controls on puberty are controlled by hormones.

Note: Puberty can take up to 4 years for all the changes to happen. Acne, blackheads, and spots are normal during puberty. Mood swings are one of the major parts of puberty. Crushing for someone is a normal part of puberty and growing up. You can feel attracted to someone.