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What is the minimum and maximum distance between the convex lens and the object for the magnification of a real image to be greater than 1?
(A). O and \[\text{f}\]
(B). \[\text{f}\] and \[\text{2f}\]
(C). \[\text{f}\]and \[\infty \]
(D). \[\text{2f}\] and \[\infty \]

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Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Convex lenses form two types of images for different positions of the object behind the lens; real image is always inverted but it can be diminished, enlarged or of the same size of the object. It is formed on the other side of the lens from the object. While a virtual image is always erect, enlarged formed on the same side of the lens as the object.
Formula Used:
\[\text{m=}\dfrac{{{\text{h}}_{\text{i}}}}{{{\text{h}}_{\text{o}}}}\]
\[\text{m = }\dfrac{\text{v}}{\text{u}}\]

Complete answer:
A convex lens can form real images as well as virtual images for different positions of the object. Some characteristics of a convex lens are-
Radius of curvature\[\text{(}{{\text{R}}_{\text{1}}}\text{, }{{\text{R}}_{\text{2}}}\text{)}\] is the radius of the sphere of which the lens is a part of. There are two radii of curvature in a lens
Focus\[({{\text{F}}_{\text{1}}}\text{, }{{\text{F}}_{\text{2}}}\text{)}\] is a point on the axis of the lens where light rays parallel to the axis converge after refraction from the lens.
The distance between the centre of lens and focus is called the Focal Length \[\text{(}{{\text{f}}_{1}}\text{ cm corresponding to }{{\text{F}}_{1}}\text{, }{{\text{f}}_{2}}\text{ cm corresponding to }{{\text{F}}_{2}}\text{)}\]. It is\[(+)\]for a convex lens while \[(-)\] for a concave lens.
Magnification is the ratio of image height\[\text{(}{{\text{h}}_{\text{i}}}\text{)}\]to object height \[\text{(}{{\text{h}}_{\text{o}}}\text{)}\]
\[\text{m=}\dfrac{{{\text{h}}_{\text{i}}}}{{{\text{h}}_{\text{o}}}}\] or \[\text{m = }\dfrac{\text{v}}{\text{u}}\]
When the object is kept at focus, the image formed is real, inverted and enlarged. The position of the image is at infinity. This means that object distance is equal to\[\text{f}\].
A convex lens always forms a real, inverted and enlarged image when the object kept between \[{{\text{f}}_{{}}}\text{ and 2}{{\text{f}}_{{}}}\]. So, the maximum distance, the object can shift while still forming an enlarged image is \[\text{2f}\]
Therefore, the minimum distance between the convex lens and the object for the magnification of a real image to be greater than 1 is \[\text{f}\] and the maximum distance is \[\text{2f}\] .

The correct option is (B).
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Note:
According to sign conventions, the magnification of a real image is \[(-)\] while for a virtual image it is \[(+)\]. Also all lengths behind the lens are \[(-)\]while the lengths in front of the lens are\[(+)\]. The object distance is always \[(-)\]but image distance is \[(-)\]for real images and \[(+)\] for virtual images.